Birds of Kern County, California

Total number of species: 439 native + 2 provisional + 8 accepted introduced = 449 + 5 unaccepted introduced species 454 (California Condor may be treated as introduced)

bold italics with asterisk * = CBRC review species

ITALICS WITH ASTERISK * = exceptional, rare visitants or vagrants

(E) = endangered species; (T) = threatened species; (FP) = Fully Protected by CDFG; (CBSSC) = California bird species of special concern; sensitive = listed as sensitive with USFS or BLM; (W) = Audubon watch list; (I) = introduced

LINK to: Birds of Kern County, California: A photo checklist

1 Black-bellied Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna autumnalis 19 June 1938 Buena Vista Lake
2 Fulvous Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor (CBSSC)
3 Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons (CBSSC)
4 Snow Goose Chen caerulescens  
5 Ross's Goose Chen rossii  
6 Brant Branta bernicla (CBSSC)
7 Cackling Goose Branta hutchinsii  
8 Canada Goose Branta canadensis  
9 Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus  
10 Wood Duck Aix sponsa  
11 Gadwall Anas strepera  
12 Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope  
13 American Wigeon Anas americana  
14 Mallard Anas platyrhynchos  
15 Blue-winged Teal Anas discors  
16 Cinnamon Teal Anas cyanoptera  
17 Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata  
18 Northern Pintail Anas acuta  
19 Garganey Anas querquedula September 1990 and 1995 - Cantil
20 Green-winged Teal Anas crecca  
21 Canvasback Aythya valisineria  
22 Redhead Aythya americana (CBSSC)
23 Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris  
24 Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula  
25 Greater Scaup Aythya marila  
26 Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis  
27 Surf Scoter Melanitta perspicillata  
28 White-winged Scoter Melanitta fusca  
29 Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis Dec  1990- Nov1991 & 14-25 March 2015
30 Bufflehead Bucephala albeola  
31 Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula  
32 Barrow's Goldeneye Bucephala islandica (CBSSC)
33 Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus  
34 Common Merganser Mergus merganser  
35 Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator  
36 Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis  
37 Mountain Quail Oreortyx pictus (W)
38 California Quail Callipepla californica  
39 Gambel's Quail Callipepla gambelii native on restricted China Lake NAWS  (I) the rest of county
40 Chukar  Alectoris chukar (I)
41 Ring-necked Pheasant Phasianus colchicus (I)
42 Sooty Grouse Dendragapus fuliginosus (CBSSC)(W)
43 Wild Turkey Meleagris gallopavo (I)
44 Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps  
45 Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus  
46 Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena  
47 Eared Grebe Podiceps nigricollis  
48 Western Grebe Aechmophorus occidentalis  
49 Clark's Grebe Aechmophorus clarkii (W)
50 Rock Pigeon Columba livia (I)
51 Band-tailed Pigeon Patagioenas fasciata  
52 Eurasian Collared-Dove Streptopelia decaocto (I)
53 Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis (I)
54 Inca Dove Columbina inca  
55 Common Ground-Dove Columbina passerina  
56 Ruddy Ground-Dove Columbina talpacoti  
57 White-winged Dove Zenaida asiatica  
58 Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura  
59 Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus (SE)
60 Greater Roadrunner Geococcyx californianus  
61 Groove-billed Ani Crotophaga sulcirostris  
62 Lesser Nighthawk Chordeiles acutipennis  
63 Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor  
64 Common Poorwill Phalaenoptilus nuttallii  
65 Black Swift Cypseloides niger (CBSSC)
66 Chimney Swift Chaetura pelagica  
67 Vaux's Swift Chaetura vauxi (CBSSC)
68 White-throated Swift Aeronautes saxatalis  
69 Black-chinned Hummingbird Archilochus alexandri  
70 Anna's Hummingbird Calypte anna  
71 Costa's Hummingbird Calypte costae watch list
72 Broad-tailed Hummingbird Selasphorus platycercus  
73 Rufous Hummingbird Selasphorus rufus  
74 Allen's Hummingbird Selasphorus sasin  
75 Calliope Hummingbird Selasphorus calliope  
76 Broad-billed Hummingbird Cynanthus latirostris  
77 Virginia Rail Rallus limicola  
78 Sora  Porzana carolina  
79 Common Gallinule Gallinula galeata  
80 American Coot Fulica americana  
81 Sandhill Crane Antigone canadensis (ST-Greater) (FP)(CBSSC)
82 Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus  
83 American Avocet Recurvirostra americana  
84 Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola  
85 American Golden-Plover Pluvialis dominica (W)
86 Pacific Golden-Plover Pluvialis fulva  
87 Snowy Plover Charadrius nivosus (FT) (CBSSC)(W)
88 Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus  
89 Killdeer  Charadrius vociferus  
90 Mountain Plover Charadrius montanus (CBSSC)(W)
91 Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda  
92 Whimbrel  Numenius phaeopus  
93 Long-billed Curlew Numenius americanus (CSC)(W)
94 Hudsonian Godwit Limosa haemastica (W)
95 Marbled Godwit Limosa fedoa (W)
96 Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres  
97 Black Turnstone Arenaria melanocephala (W)
98 Red Knot Calidris canutus  
99 Ruff  Calidris pugnax  
100 Sharp-tailed Sandpiper Calidris acuminata  
101 Stilt Sandpiper Calidris himantopus  
102 Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea  
103 Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis  
104 Sanderling  Calidris alba  
105 Dunlin  Calidris alpina  
106 Baird's Sandpiper Calidris bairdii  
107 Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla  
108 White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis  
109 Buff-breasted Sandpiper Calidris subruficollis  
110 Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos  
111 Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla  
112 Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri  
113 Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus  
114 Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus  
115 Wilson's Snipe Gallinago delicata  
116 Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius  
117 Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria  
118 Wandering Tattler Tringa incana (W)
119 Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca  
120 Willet  Tringa semipalmata  
121 Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes  
122 Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola  
123 Wilson's Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor  
124 Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus  
125 Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius  
126 Pomarine Jaeger Stercorarius pomarinus  
127 Parasitic Jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus  
128 Long-tailed Jaeger Stercorarius longicaudus  
129 Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla  
130 Sabine's Gull Xema sabini  
131 Bonaparte's Gull Chroicocephalus philadelphia  
132 Little Gull Hydrocoloeus minutus  
133 Laughing Gull Leucophaeus atricilla (CSC)
134 Franklin's Gull Leucophaeus pipixcan  
135 Heermann's Gull Larus heermanni  
136 Mew Gull Larus canus  
137 Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis  
138 Western Gull Larus occidentalis  
139 Yellow-footed Gull Larus livens  
140 California Gull Larus californicus (CSC)
141 Herring Gull Larus argentatus  
142 Thayer's Gull Larus thayeri  
143 Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus Susan Steele 21 Dec 08 BV Lake
144 Glaucous-winged Gull Larus glaucescens  
145 Glaucous Gull Larus hyperboreus  
146 Least Tern Sternula antillarum (SE) (FE) (FP)
147 Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica Susan Steele 2 May 2014 S. Evaporation Ponds (restricted access)
148 Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia  
149 Black Tern Chlidonias niger (CBSSC)
150 Common Tern Sterna hirundo  
151 Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea  
152 Forster's Tern Sterna forsteri  
153 Black Skimmer Rynchops niger (CBSSC)
154 Red-throated Loon Gavia stellata  
155 Pacific Loon Gavia pacifica  
156 Common Loon Gavia immer (CBSSC)
157 Wood Stork Mycteria americana (CBSSC)
158 Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens  
159 Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus May 11-23, 2015 - George Griffeth        Lake Ming - May 11, 2015
160 Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus (CSC)
161 American White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos (CBSSC)
162 Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis (FP)
163 American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus  
164 Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis (CBSSC)
165 Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias sensitive
166 Great Egret Ardea alba sensitive
167 Snowy Egret Egretta thula watch list
168 Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea  
169 Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis  
170 Green Heron Butorides virescens  
171 Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax sensitive
172 White-faced Ibis Plegadis chihi (CSC)
173 Roseate Spoonbill Platalea ajaja  
174 Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura  
175 California Condor Gymnogyps californianus (E) (FP) (W)
176 Osprey  Pandion haliaetus  (CSC)
177 White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus (FP)
178 Mississippi Kite Ictinia mississippiensis  
179 Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus (SE) (FP)
180 Northern Harrier Circus cyaneus (CBSSC)
181 Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus (CSC)
182 Cooper's Hawk Accipiter cooperii (CSC)
183 Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis (CBSSC)
184 Common Black Hawk Buteogallus anthracinus  
185 Harris's Hawk Parabuteo unicinctus (CSC)
186 Red-shouldered Hawk Buteo lineatus  
187 Broad-winged Hawk Buteo platypterus  
188 Swainson's Hawk Buteo swainsoni (ST-CA)(W)
189 Zone-tailed Hawk Buteo albonotatus  
190 Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis  
191 Rough-legged Hawk Buteo lagopus  
192 Ferruginous Hawk Buteo regalis (CSC)
193 Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos  (FP)
194 Barn Owl Tyto alba  
195 Flammulated Owl Psiloscops flammeolus  
196 Western Screech-Owl Megascops kennicottii  
197 Great Horned Owl Bubo virginianus  
198 Northern Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium gnoma  
199 Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia (CBSSC)
200 Spotted Owl Strix occidentalis (CBSSC)
201 Long-eared Owl Asio otus (CBSSC)
202 Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus (CBSSC)
203 Northern Saw-whet Owl Aegolius acadicus  
204 Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon  
205 Lewis's Woodpecker Melanerpes lewis watch list
206 Acorn Woodpecker Melanerpes formicivorus  
207 Williamson's Sapsucker Sphyrapicus thyroideus  
208 Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius  
209 Red-naped Sapsucker Sphyrapicus nuchalis  
210 Red-breasted Sapsucker Sphyrapicus ruber watch list
211 Ladder-backed Woodpecker Picoides scalaris  
212 Nuttall's Woodpecker Picoides nuttallii watch list
213 Downy Woodpecker Picoides pubescens  
214 Hairy Woodpecker Picoides villosus  
215 White-headed Woodpecker Picoides albolarvatus watch list
216 Northern Flicker Colaptes auratus  
217 Pileated Woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus  
218 Crested Caracara Caracara cheriway FT
219 American Kestrel Falco sparverius  
220 Merlin  Falco columbarius (CSC)
221 Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus (FP)
222 Prairie Falcon Falco mexicanus (CSC)
223 Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri (I) not on official list
224 Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi (CBSSC)
225 Western Wood-Pewee Contopus sordidulus  
226 Eastern Wood-Pewee Contopus virens  
227 Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris  
228 Alder Flycatcher Empidonax alnorum  rejected but on official list?
229 Willow Flycatcher Empidonax traillii (SE full species) (FE - extimus)
230 Least Flycatcher Empidonax minimus  
231 Hammond's Flycatcher Empidonax hammondii  
232 Gray Flycatcher Empidonax wrightii  
233 Dusky Flycatcher Empidonax oberholseri  
234 Pacific-slope Flycatcher Empidonax difficilis  
235 Cordilleran Flycatcher Empidonax occidentalis 1 June 2016 Curtis Marantz
236 Black Phoebe Sayornis nigricans  
237 Eastern Phoebe Sayornis phoebe  
238 Say's Phoebe Sayornis saya  
239 Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus (CBSSC)
240 Ash-throated Flycatcher Myiarchus cinerascens  
241 Great Crested Flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus  
242 Brown-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus tyrannulus (CSC)
243 Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus  
244 Cassin's Kingbird Tyrannus vociferans  
245 Western Kingbird Tyrannus verticalis  
246 Eastern Kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus  
247 Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus forficatus  
248 Loggerhead Shrike Lanius ludovicianus (CBSSC)
249 Northern Shrike Lanius excubitor  
250 White-eyed Vireo Vireo griseus  
251 Bell's Vireo Vireo bellii (FE) (SE)
252 Gray Vireo Vireo vicinior (CBSSC)
253 Hutton's Vireo Vireo huttoni  
254 Yellow-throated Vireo Vireo flavifrons  
255 Cassin's Vireo Vireo cassinii  
256 Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius  
257 Plumbeous Vireo Vireo plumbeus  
258 Philadelphia Vireo Vireo philadelphicus  
259 Warbling Vireo Vireo gilvus  
260 Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus  
261 Yellow-green Vireo Vireo flavoviridis  
262 Pinyon Jay Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus  
263 Steller's Jay Cyanocitta stelleri  
264 California Scrub-Jay Aphelocoma californica  
265 Woodhouse's Scrub-Jay Aphelocoma woodhouseii  
266 Clark's Nutcracker Nucifraga columbiana  
267 Black-billed Magpie Pica hudsonia  
268 Yellow-billed Magpie Pica nuttalli watch list
269 American Crow Corvus brachyrhynchos  
270 Common Raven Corvus corax  
271 Horned Lark Eremophila alpestris (CSC)
272 Purple Martin Progne subis (CBSSC)
273 Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor  
274 Violet-green Swallow Tachycineta thalassina  
275 Northern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis  
276 Bank Swallow Riparia riparia (ST)
277 Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota  
278 Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica  
279 Mountain Chickadee Poecile gambeli  
280 Oak Titmouse Baeolophus inornatus  
281 Juniper Titmouse Baeolophus ridgwayi  
282 Verdin  Auriparus flaviceps  
283 Bushtit  Psaltriparus minimus  
284 Red-breasted Nuthatch Sitta canadensis  
285 White-breasted Nuthatch Sitta carolinensis  
286 Pygmy Nuthatch Sitta pygmaea  
287 Brown Creeper Certhia americana  
288 Rock Wren Salpinctes obsoletus  
289 Canyon Wren Catherpes mexicanus  
290 House Wren Troglodytes aedon  
291 Pacific Wren Troglodytes pacificus  
292 Marsh Wren Cistothorus palustris  
293 Bewick's Wren Thryomanes bewickii  
294 Cactus Wren Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus  
295 Blue-gray Gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea  
296 Black-tailed Gnatcatcher Polioptila melanura summer 2009 - Jon Feenstra
297 American Dipper Cinclus mexicanus  
298 Golden-crowned Kinglet Regulus satrapa  
299 Ruby-crowned Kinglet Regulus calendula  
300 Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus  
301 Arctic/Kamchatka Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus borealis/examinandus 7 Sept 2007 - B. & S. Steele - Galileo
302 Wrentit  Chamaea fasciata  
303 Western Bluebird Sialia mexicana  
304 Mountain Bluebird Sialia currucoides  
305 Townsend's Solitaire Myadestes townsendi  
306 Veery  Catharus fuscescens  
307 Gray-cheeked Thrush Catharus minimus  
308 Swainson's Thrush Catharus ustulatus  
309 Hermit Thrush Catharus guttatus  
310 Wood Thrush Hylocichla mustelina  
311 Eyebrowed Thrush Turdus obscurus  
312 American Robin Turdus migratorius  
313 Varied Thrush Ixoreus naevius  
314 Gray Catbird Dumetella carolinensis  
315 Brown Thrasher Toxostoma rufum  
316 Bendire's Thrasher Toxostoma bendirei (CBSSC)
317 California Thrasher Toxostoma redivivum  
318 Le Conte's Thrasher Toxostoma lecontei (CBSSC)
319 Sage Thrasher Oreoscoptes montanus  
320 Northern Mockingbird Mimus polyglottos  
321 European Starling Sturnus vulgaris (I)
322 Bohemian Waxwing Bombycilla garrulus  
323 Cedar Waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum  
324 Phainopepla  Phainopepla nitens  
325 House Sparrow Passer domesticus (I)
326 Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus  
327 American Pipit Anthus rubescens  
328 Sprague's Pipit Anthus spragueii  
329 Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch Leucosticte tephrocotis  
330 Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator  
331 House Finch Haemorhous mexicanus  
332 Purple Finch Haemorhous purpureus  
333 Cassin's Finch Haemorhous cassinii  
334 Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra  
335 Pine Siskin Spinus pinus  
336 Lesser Goldfinch Spinus psaltria  
337 Lawrence's Goldfinch Spinus lawrencei  
338 American Goldfinch Spinus tristis  
339 Evening Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus  
340 Lapland Longspur Calcarius lapponicus  
341 Chestnut-collared Longspur Calcarius ornatus  
342 Smith's Longspur Calcarius pictus  
343 McCown's Longspur Rhynchophanes mccownii  
344 Snow Bunting Plectrophenax nivalis  
345 Ovenbird  Seiurus aurocapilla  
346 Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorum  
347 Louisiana Waterthrush Parkesia motacilla  
348 Northern Waterthrush Parkesia noveboracensis  
349 Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera  
350 Blue-winged Warbler Vermivora cyanoptera  
351 Black-and-white Warbler Mniotilta varia  
352 Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea  
353 Tennessee Warbler Oreothlypis peregrina  
354 Orange-crowned Warbler Oreothlypis celata  
355 Lucy's Warbler Oreothlypis luciae (CBSSC)
356 Nashville Warbler Oreothlypis ruficapilla  
357 Virginia's Warbler Oreothlypis virginiae (CSC)
358 Connecticut Warbler Oporornis agilis  
359 MacGillivray's Warbler Geothlypis tolmiei  
360 Mourning Warbler Geothlypis philadelphia  
361 Kentucky Warbler Geothlypis formosa  
362 Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas  
363 Hooded Warbler Setophaga citrina  
364 American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla  
365 Cape May Warbler Setophaga tigrina  
366 Cerulean Warbler Setophaga cerulea  
367 Northern Parula Setophaga americana  
368 Magnolia Warbler Setophaga magnolia  
369 Bay-breasted Warbler Setophaga castanea  
370 Blackburnian Warbler Setophaga fusca  
371 Yellow Warbler Setophaga petechia (CBSSC)
372 Chestnut-sided Warbler Setophaga pensylvanica  
373 Blackpoll Warbler Setophaga striata  
374 Black-throated Blue Warbler Setophaga caerulescens  
375 Palm Warbler Setophaga palmarum  
376 Pine Warbler Setophaga pinus 8 Nov 2014 - Desert Memorial Park, Ridgecrest - Tom Benson
377 Yellow-rumped Warbler Setophaga coronata  
378 Yellow-throated Warbler Setophaga dominica  
379 Prairie Warbler Setophaga discolor  
380 Grace's Warbler Setophaga graciae 5 May 2013 - Bob Barnes, Cerro Coso College, Ridgecrest
381 Black-throated Gray Warbler Setophaga nigrescens  
382 Townsend's Warbler Setophaga townsendi  
383 Hermit Warbler Setophaga occidentalis  
384 Black-throated Green Warbler Setophaga virens  
385 Canada Warbler Cardellina canadensis  
386 Wilson's Warbler Cardellina pusilla  
387 Red-faced Warbler Cardellina rubrifrons 7 October 2014 -Ken and Brenda Kyle - Galileo Hill
388 Painted Redstart Myioborus pictus  
389 Yellow-breasted Chat Icteria virens (CBSSC)
390 Green-tailed Towhee Pipilo chlorurus  
391 Spotted Towhee Pipilo maculatus  
392 Rufous-crowned Sparrow Aimophila ruficeps  
393 California Towhee Melozone crissalis  
394 Cassin's Sparrow Peucaea cassinii  
395 American Tree Sparrow Spizelloides arborea  
396 Chipping Sparrow Spizella passerina  
397 Clay-colored Sparrow Spizella pallida  
398 Brewer's Sparrow Spizella breweri  
399 Field Sparrow Spizella pusilla  
400 Black-chinned Sparrow Spizella atrogularis  
401 Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus  
402 Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus  
403 Black-throated Sparrow Amphispiza bilineata  
404 Sagebrush Sparrow Artemisiospiza nevadensis  
405 Bell's Sparrow Artemisiospiza belli  
406 Lark Bunting Calamospiza melanocorys  
407 Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis  
408 Grasshopper Sparrow Ammodramus savannarum (CBSSC)
409 Le Conte's Sparrow Ammodramus leconteii  
410 Nelson's Sparrow Ammodramus nelsoni  
411 Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca  
412 Song Sparrow Melospiza melodia  
413 Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii  
414 Swamp Sparrow Melospiza georgiana  
415 White-throated Sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis  
416 Harris's Sparrow Zonotrichia querula  
417 White-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys  
418 Golden-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia atricapilla  
419 Dark-eyed Junco Junco hyemalis  
420 Rustic Bunting Emberiza rustica  
421 Hepatic Tanager Piranga flava (CSC) rejected  not on official list
422 Summer Tanager Piranga rubra (CBSSC)
423 Scarlet Tanager Piranga olivacea  
424 Western Tanager Piranga ludoviciana  
425 Pyrrhuloxia  Cardinalis sinuatus  7 May 2011
426 Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus  
427 Black-headed Grosbeak Pheucticus melanocephalus  
428 Blue Grosbeak Passerina caerulea  
429 Lazuli Bunting Passerina amoena  
430 Indigo Bunting Passerina cyanea  
431 Painted Bunting Passerina ciris  
432 Dickcissel  Spiza americana N Schmitt 25 Aug 2015 N Fork Isabella Reservoir
433 Bobolink  Dolichonyx oryzivorus  
434 Red-winged Blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus (CBSSC) Kern subspecies
435 Tricolored Blackbird Agelaius tricolor (CBSSC)
436 Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta  
437 Yellow-headed Blackbird Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus (CBSSC)
438 Rusty Blackbird Euphagus carolinus  
439 Brewer's Blackbird Euphagus cyanocephalus  
440 Common Grackle Quiscalus quiscula  
441 Great-tailed Grackle Quiscalus mexicanus  
442 Bronzed Cowbird Molothrus aeneus  
443 Brown-headed Cowbird Molothrus ater  
444 Orchard Oriole Icterus spurius  
445 Hooded Oriole Icterus cucullatus  
446 Bullock's Oriole Icterus bullockii  
447 Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula  
448

Scott's Oriole

Icterus parisorum

 

 

FYI: Recent American Ornithologist's Union checklists and supplements 36th through 57th editions yield the following changes relevant to Kern County birders. Changes to taxonomic nomenclature current as of 1 July 2016.

AOU 36th supplement, 1987. Red-eyed Vireo was split, with Yellow-green Vireo, Vireo flavoviridus recognized as a full species.

AOU 37th supplement, 1989. Collared Dove changed to Eurasian Collared-Dove. Common Barn Owl changed to Barn Owl. Western Flycatcher was split into Pacific-slope Flycatcher, Empidonax difficilis and Cordilleran Flycatcher, Empidonax occidentalis. (Pacific-slope Flycatcher is found in our area and resides in and to the west of the Sierra Nevada and Cascade mountains, while the Cordilleran species is found to the east). Eye-browed Thrush spelling changed to  Eyebrowed Thrush. Water Pipit changed to American Pipit, Anthus rubescens. Brown Towhee was split into California Towhee, Pipilo crissalis and Canyon Towhee, Pipilo fuscus.

AOU 38th supplement, 1991. no changes relevant to Kern County.

AOU 39th supplement, 1994. Green-backed Heron changed to Green Heron, Butorides virescens. Lesser Golden-Plover split into American Golden-Plover, Pluvialis dominica (spelling change in 40th, revised in 41st) and Pacific Golden-Plover, Pluvialis fulva. Herring Gull was split into Herring Gull, Larus argentatus and Yellow-legged Gull, Larus cachinnans. Black-shouldered Kite reverts to White-tailed Kite, Elanus leucurus. Rosy Finch reverts to three separate species. Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch, Leucosticte tephrocotis, Black Rosy-Finch, Leucosticte atrata, and Brown-capped Rosy-Finch, Leucosticte australis.

AOU 40th supplement, 1995. Great Egret changed to Ardea alba. Northern Flicker was split into Northern Flicker, Colaptes auratus and Gilded Flicker, Colaptes chrysoides. Scrub Jay was split into Western Scrub-Jay, Aphelocoma californica, Florida Scrub-Jay, Aphelocoma coeruluscens, and Island Scrub-Jay, Aphelocoma insularis. Gray-cheeked Thrush split into Gray-cheeked Thrush, Catharus minimus and Bicknell's Thrush, Catharus bicknelli. Rufous-sided Towhee was (re)split into Eastern Towhee, Pipilo erythrophthalmus and Spotted Towhee, Pipilo maculatus. Sharp-tailed Sparrow was split into Saltmarsh Sharp-tailed Sparrow, Ammodramus caudacutus and Nelson's Sharp-tailed Sparrow, Ammodramus nelsoni. Northern Oriole was (re)split into Baltimore Oriole, Icterus galbula and Bullock's Oriole, Icterus bullockii.

AOU 41st supplement, 1997. Ross' Goose spelling changed to Ross's Goose. Harris' Hawk spelling changed to Harris's Hawk. Burrowing Owl changed back to Athene cunicularia. (It was changed in the 38th but reverts in the 41st). Lewis' Woodpecker spelling changed to Lewis's Woodpecker. Olive-sided Flycatcher changed to species cooperi. Cliff Swallow and Cave Swallow changed to genus Petrochelidon. Titmice changed to genus Baeolophus. Plain Titmouse was split into Juniper Titmouse, Baeolophus griseus and Oak Titmouse, Baeolophus inornatus. (Oak Titmouse occurs commonly in our area, in the Sierra Nevada mountains and west and the Juniper Titmouse occurs east of the Sierra Nevada but is exceptionally rare in Kern). Chickadees changed to the genus Poecile. Solitary Vireo was split into Blue-headed Vireo, Vireo solitarius, Plumbeous Vireo, Vireo plumbeus and Cassin's Vireo, Vireo cassini. Harris' Sparrow spelling changed to Harris's Sparrow.

AOU 42nd supplement, 2000. Oldsquaw common name changed to Long-tailed Duck. Black-billed Magpie specific epithet changed to Pica hudsonia. Juniper Titmouse specific epithet changed to Baeolophus ridgwayi (42nd).

AOU 43rd supplement, 2002. Roseate Spoonbill genus changed to Platalea ajaja. Common Snipe Split--G. galinago delicata becomes Wilson's Snipe, Gallinago delicata. G. galinago galinago becomes Common Snipe, Galinago galinago, our local species is Wilson's Snipe, where Common Snipe distributed in Eurasia. Red Phalarope specific epithet gender changed to match genus Phalaropus fulicarius. Blue Grosbeak genus changed to Passerina caerulea.

AOU 44th supplement, 2003. Anseriformes and Galliformes move above Gaviiformes due to recent DNA evidence. Columba livia common name changes to Rock Pigeon to conform with British Ornithologists’ Union (1992) usage. Band-tailed Pigeon genus changed to Patagioenas fasciataWestern Screech-Owl genus changed to Megascops kennicottii. Many changes are anticipated especially within the Passeriformes. Look to the 45th supplement to offer significant changes in order and relationships.

AOU 45th supplement, 2004. Cackling Goose has been split and is now a separate species from Canada Goose: Kern County records are for one subspecies of Canada Goose, Branta canadensis moffitti and two subspecies of Cackling Goose,  Branta hutchinsii leucopareia and B. h. minima. See Angus Wilson's explanation of Canada Goose subspecies web site at ... http://www.oceanwanderers.com/CAGO.Subspecies.html. Spotted Sandpiper specific epithet gender changed to match genus Actitis macularius.

AOU 46th supplement, 2005. No changes relevant to Kern County.

AOU 47th supplement, 2006. Blue Grouse has been split to coastal populations Sooty Grouse - Dendragapus fuliginosus and interior populations Dusky Grouse Dendragapus obscurus. Kern and Tulare County species now named Sooty Grouse because of the yellow gular sacs and the strong deep hoot. Changed Ringed-turtle Dove - Streptopelia risoria to conform with name from native populations African Collared-Dove - Streptopelia roseogrisea (I). Changed scientific names of Least Tern - Sternula antillarum, Caspian Tern - Hydroprogne caspia, Wandering Tatter - Tringa incana and Willet - Tringa semipalmata.  Rearranged order of some Scolopacidae, and Sterninae.

AOU 48th supplement, 2007. The family Cathartidae is moved back to the Order FALCONIFORMES just before the Suborder ACCIPITRES under the heading Suborder CATHARTAE: American Vultures. This family was moved to the order Ciconiiformes (AOU 1998) but is now tentatively returned to the order Falconiformes after re-evaluation of the reasons for the earlier change. Further, some genetic studies (Cracraft et al. 2004, Fain and Houde 2004, Ericson et al. 2006) have shown that the New World vultures are not closely related to the storks, although their precise phylogenetic relationship to the Falconiformes is yet undetermined. Genus of Belted Kingfisher changes to Megaceryle alcyon from Ceryle alcyon.

AOU 49th supplement, 2008. The order of Laridae changed significantly as a result of the 2008 update to the 7th edition in addition the following generic changes Larus philadelphia changed to Chroicocephalus philadelphia (Bonaparte’s Gull), Larus minutus changed to Hydrocoloeus minutus (Little Gull) Larus atricilla changed to Leucophaeus atricilla (Laughing Gull) Larus pipixcan changed to Leucophaeus pipixcan (Franklin’s Gull).

AOU  50th supplement, 2009. These are the following changes pertinent to Kern County only. The sequence of families and subfamilies in GALLIFORMES were changed to: ODONTOPHORIDAE, PHASIANIDAE, Phasianinae, Tetraoninae, Meleagridinae: Quail are now before Chukar, Grouse, and Turkey.
The common name of Nelson's Sharp-tailed Sparrow was shortened to Nelson’s Sparrow.
The Genus Piranga (Tanagers) was moved into Cardinalidae in front of the genus Pheucticus.
The genus of all of the goldfinches in Kern changed in the 50th supplement, from Carduelis to Spinus, therefore the following four species are now: Spinus pinus (Pine Siskin), Spinus psaltria (Lesser Goldfinch), Spinus lawrencei (Lawrence’s Goldfinch), Spinus tristis (American Goldfinch).

AOU  51st supplement, 2010. These are the following changes pertinent to Kern County only. Higher-level taxonomic changes include the addition of two new orders that were split from existing orders:
Suliformes (Frigatebirds, boobies, cormorants, darters, and allies)
Accipitriformes (Hawks, kites, eagles, and allies). Two families (Ardeidae and Threskiornithidae) are transferred from the order Ciconiiformes to the order Pelecaniformes. New linear sequences are adopted for species in the genera Cyanolyca, Aimophila, and Pipilo, and the sequences of genera within the Cotingidae and portions of the Corvidae and Emberizidae are rearranged to reflect new findings on relationships. The family placement of one species (Chamaea fasciata) is changed on the basis of new information on its phylogenetic relationships. The English group names of three orders (Pelecaniformes, Ciconiiformes, and Falconiformes), one suborder (Pelecani), and three families (Ramphastidae, Sylviidae, and Cardinalidae) are modified because of changes to the composition of these groups.

* Pacific Wren Troglodytes pacificus, Formerly considered a single species – Winter Wren T. hiemalis – and now two species based on differences in songs and calls, plumage, and lack of hybridization.
Changes to species names:
* Blue-winged Warbler Vermivora cyanoptera - Formerly Vermivora pinus
* Tennessee Warbler Oreothlypis peregrina - Formerly Vermivora peregrina
* Orange-crowned Warbler Oreothlypis celata - Formerly Vermivora celata
* Nashville Warbler Oreothlypis ruficapilla - Formerly Vermivora ruficapilla
* Virginia’s Warbler Oreothlypis virginiae - Formerly Vermivora virginiae
* Lucy’s Warbler Oreothlypis luciae - Formerly Vermivora luciae
* Northern Waterthrush Parkesia noveboracensis - Formerly Seiurus noveboracensis
* Louisiana Waterthrush Parkesia motacilla - Formerly Seiurus motacilla
* California Towhee Melozone crissalis - Formerly Pipilo crissalis
* Cassin’s Sparrow Peucaea cassinii - Formerly Aimophila cassinii

* McCown’s Longspur Rhynchophanes mccownii - Formerly Calcarius mccownii

AOU  52nd supplement, 2011. These are the following changes pertinent to Kern County only. Changes in this supplement include the following: Major reorder of Warblers. Replace genus Dendroica with genus Setophaga. Change of several species names plus one common name. Found some errors in the order of species on this checklist which was brought up to date.
Changes to species names:
* Common Gallinule - Gallinula galeata, Formerly - Common Moorhen, Gallinula chloropus
Snowy Plover - Charadrius nivosus, Formerly - Charadrius alexandrinus
MacGillivray's Warbler - Geothlypis tolmiei, Formerly - Oporornis tolmiei
Mourning Warbler - Geothlypis philadelphia, Formerly - Oporornis philadelphia
Kentucky Warbler - Geothlypis formosa, Formerly - Oporornis formosus
Hooded Warbler - Setophaga citrina, Formerly - Wilsonia citrina
Cape May Warbler - Setophaga tigrina, Formerly - Dendroica tigrina
Cerulean Warbler - Setophaga cerulea, Formerly - Dendroica cerulea
Northern Parula - Setophaga americana, Formerly - Parula americana
Magnolia Warbler - Setophaga magnolia, Formerly - Dendroica magnolia
Bay-breasted Warbler - Setophaga castanea, Formerly - Dendroica castanea
Blackburnian Warbler - Setophaga fusca, Formerly - Dendroica fusca
Yellow Warbler - Setophaga petechia, Formerly - Dendroica petechia
Chestnut-sided Warbler - Setophaga pensylvanica, Formerly - Dendroica pensylvanica
Blackpoll Warbler - Setophaga striata, Formerly - Dendroica striata
Black-throated Blue Warbler - Setophaga caerulescens, Formerly - Dendroica caerulescens
Palm Warbler - Setophaga palmarum, Formerly - Dendroica palmarum
Yellow-rumped Warbler - Setophaga coronata, Formerly - Dendroica coronata
Yellow-throated Warbler - Setophaga dominica, Formerly - Dendroica dominica
Prairie Warbler - Setophaga discolor, Formerly - Dendroica discolor
Black-throated Gray Warbler - Setophaga nigrescens, Formerly - Dendroica nigrescens
Townsend's Warbler - Setophaga townsendi, Formerly - Dendroica townsendi
Hermit Warbler - Setophaga occidentalis, Formerly - Dendroica occidentalis
Black-throated Green Warbler - Setophaga virens, Formerly - Dendroica virens
Canada Warbler - Cardellina canadensis, Formerly - Wilsonia canadensis
Wilson's Warbler - Cardellina pusilla, Formerly - Wilsonia pusilla

AOU  53rd supplement, 2012. These are the following changes pertinent to Kern County only. Changes in this supplement include the following: Major reorder of Falcons and Parrots, inserting Falconiformes (caracaras and falcons) and Psittaciformes (parrots) between Piciformes (woodpeckers) and Passeriformes (songbirds). Significant shuffling of order of hummingbird and wren genera. Change of five genus names plus one common name.
Changes to species names:
Calliope Hummingbird - Selasphorus calliope, Formerly Stellula calliope
Sage Sparrow - Artemisiospiza belli, Formerly Amphispiza belli
Purple Finch - Haemorhous purpureus, Formerly Carpodacus purpureus
Cassin’s Finch - Haemorhous cassinii, Formerly Carpodacus cassinii
House Finch - Haemorhous mexicanus, Formerly Carpodacus mexicanus
Changes to common names:
Indian Peafowl - Pavo cristatus, formerly Common Peafowl

AOU  54th supplement, 2013. These are the following changes pertinent to Kern County only. Changes in this supplement include the following: Checklist reordering: Removed monotypic genuses Tryngites and Philomachus thus reordering all of the Calidris genus. Reordered family sequences: Suborder Charadrii --> Family Recurvirostridae
(avocets and stilts) --> Family Charadriidae (plovers) --> Suborder Scolopaci -->Family Scolopacidae (sandpipers) --> Suborder Lari --> Family Stercorariidae (skuas and jaegers)
Family Laridae (gulls, terns, and skimmers). Reordered mimid (thrasher) family: Gray Catbird,
Brown Thrasher, Bendire’s Thrasher, California Thrasher, Le Conte’s Thrasher,
Sage Thrasher, Northern Mockingbird. Reordered three Haemorhous (formerly Carpodacus) finches: House Finch, Purple Finch, Cassin's Finch. SPECIES SPLIT: Sage Sparrow now becomes Bell's Sparrow - Artemisiospiza belli which breeds in Kern and Sagebrush Sparrow - Artemisiospiza nevadensis which migrates through and possibly winters in Kern County.
Changes to generic names:
Buff-breasted Sandpiper - Calidris subruficollis, Formerly Tryngites subruficollis
Ruff - Calidris pugnax, Formerly Philomachus pugnax

Species split:
Sage Sparrow disappears to be replaced by (http://www.birdingisfun.com/2013/03/splitting-sage-sparrow.html)

Sagebrush Sparrow - Artemisiospiza nevadensis, Formerly Artemisiospiza belli nevadensis
Bell's Sparrow - Artemisiospiza belli, Formerly A. b. belli and A. b. canescens

AOU  55th supplement, 2014. These are the following changes pertinent to Kern County only. Changes in this supplement include the following: Arctic Warbler was split into three species but the only recorded bird in Kern is the one that retains both the common and scientific name therefore this split does not change our list: Arctic Warbler (Phylloscopus borealis)

Changes to common  names: Common Black-Hawk loses the hyphen between black and hawk becoming Common Black Hawk.
Changes to generic names: none of note for Kern County Birders.
Species split

Arctic Warbler is split into the following species

Arctic Warbler - Phylloscopus borealis - the only species that has wandered to California
Kamchatka Leaf Warbler - Phylloscopus examinandus
Japanese Leaf Warbler* - Phylloscopus xanthodryas

Checklist sequence changes: The only consequence for Kern County birders is a reshuffling of the sequence of some of the doves.
Old Order:

Spotted Dove
White-winged Dove
Mourning Dove
Inca Dove
Common Ground-Dove
Ruddy Ground-Dove
New checklist sequence
Spotted Dove

Inca Dove
Common Ground-Dove
Ruddy Ground-Dove
White-winged Dove
Mourning Dove

 

AOU  56th supplement, 2015. These are the following changes pertinent to Kern County only. Changes in this supplement include the following:

Changes in taxonomic order: Rough-legged Hawk - Buteo lagopus is now placed before Ferruginous Hawk - Buteo regalis

The description for the Family PSITTACULIDAE changes to: Lories, Lovebirds, and Indomalayan and Papua-Australian Parrots

The Subfamily Psittacinae is replaced by PSITTACULINAE: Indomalayan and Papua-Australian Parrots

Name changes: American Tree Sparrow genus changes from Spizella to Spizelloides arborea.

 

AOU 57th supplement, 2016. These are the following changes pertinent to Kern County only. Changes in this supplement include the following: Reshuffling of the list order as follows with movement of some taxa within groups but mostly just major reordering of the family groups:

 

QUAIL family Reshuffle
New list order for New World Quail, family Odontophoridae is as follows:
Mountain Quail
Northern Bobwhite
(introduced in Kern County, not naturalized)
California Quail
Gambel’s Quail

 

Podicipediformes (grebes)
Columbiformes (pigeons)
Cuculiformes (cuckoos)
Caprimulgiformes (goatsuckers and nighthawks)
Apodiformes (swifts and hummingbirds)
Gruiformes (cranes and rails)
     New Genus for Sandhill Crane
The genus Antigone has been split from Grus. Scientific name for Sandhill Crane has changed from Grus canadensis to Antigone canadensis. Antigone is the name of Oedipus’s daughter/half-sister in Greek mythology.

Charadriiformes (shorebirds, gulls, terns, auks)
Shorebird Subfamily Reshuffle
Relationships among the shorebirds are also now better understood. Below is the new classification scheme, including a change in subfamilies and in sequence. Within each genus, there is no change in sequence of the species.
Numeniinae (curlews)
   Bartramia (Upland Sandpiper)
   Numenius (traditional curlews)
Limosinae (godwits)
Arenariinae (turnstones and Calidrine sandpipers)
   Arenaria (turnstones)
   Calidris (sandpipers, including peeps)
Scolopacinae (dowitchers, snipes, and woodcocks)
   Limnodromus (dowitchers)
   Gallinago (other snipe)
Tringinae (tringines)
   Actitis (Spotted and Common sandpipers)
   Tringa (“legs”, “shanks”, tattlers, Willet, and Solitary, Green, Wood, and Marsh sandpipers)
   Phalaropus (phalaropes)

Gaviiformes (loons)
Ciconiiformes (storks)
Suliformes (gannets and boobies)
Pelecaniformes (pelicans, herons, ibises)
Cathartiformes (New World vultures)
Accipitriformes (hawks)
Strigiformes (owls)

New Sequence for Vireos
White-eyed Vireo
Bell’s Vireo
Gray Vireo
Hutton’s Vireo
Yellow-throated Vireo
Cassin’s Vireo
Blue-headed Vireo
Plumbeous Vireo
Philadelphia Vireo
Warbling Vireo
Red-eyed Vireo
Yellow-green Vireo


Split of Western Scrub-Jay
California Scrub-Jay (Aphelocoma californica)
Woodhouse’s Scrub-Jay (Aphelocoma woodhouseii)
This long-anticipated split has finally happened. Reasons for the split were limited hybridization, consistent differences in voice, habitat, behavior, and morphology.
California Scrub-Jay is the more coastal species, and, predictably, it is darker in overall color. It lives in oak woodlands, which likely has led to its having a larger bill than Woodhouse’s. Woodhouse’s occurs in the Great Basin, mostly in piñon-juniper habitat. The Woodhouse's may split again but it will not affect Kern County.

A reshuffle of Old World groups of passerine families caused a move in sequence to immediately follow Ptiliogonatidae (Silky-flycatchers) and precede Calcariidae (longspurs). The following taxonomic order for species recorded in Kern County follows.
Passeridae (Old World sparrows)
Motacillidae (pipits and wagtails)
Fringillidae (true finches)

Calcariidae (longspurs)

Parulidae (Wood-Warblers)
Emberizidae (Emberizids)
Cardinalidae (Cardinals and Allies)
Icteridae (Blackbirds)

 


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