Birds of Kern County, California: A photo checklist

The current county tally of birds is 440 native species (NIB) with 1 provisional plus 8 accepted introduced species (and 5 additional unaccepted introduced species), (+1 more if you count California Condor as introduced) bringing the official total to 449 accepted species. The list is current with The A.O.U. (American Ornithologist's Union) Check-list of North American Birds, Seventh Edition, (July 2016 supplement) listing order and nomenclature. The list represents records of resident, migrant, visitant, and vagrant species. Habitats are extremely varied within the county and include: great basin, wetland, desert, montane, riparian, chaparral, and grassland habitats. Very few species have been recorded in every habitat. What is extremely common in one county location may be unheard of or exceptional in another. These birds have been documented over the past 150 years.

Click here for a simple checklist to print and use in the field.

An armchair record for Kern County brought the 440th native species with the AOU split of Western Scrub-jay into California Scrub-Jay and Woodhouse's Scrub-Jay.  Cordilleran Flycatcher, Empidonax occidentalis was recorded at Galileo Hill on 1 June 2016 by Curtis Marantz (I had heard this bird a day earlier but did not record it,) making this the 439th native species recorded in Kern County. The 438th native species was found by Nick and Mary Freeman on 15 May 2016, a Buff-breasted Flycatcher was photographed and identified post-birding. A Neotropic Cormorant was discovered at Lake Ming on May 11, 2015 by George Griffeth making it the 437th native species. Pine Warbler is Kern's 436th native species discovered by Pine Warbler found by Tom Benson, Matt Grube, David Rankin, and Brad Singer on 8 November 2014 at Desert Memorial Park in Ridgecrest. Ken & Brenda Kyle discovered the 435th native species for Kern a Red-faced Warbler on 7 October 2014 at Galileo Hill. The 434th native species was found by Susan Steele on May 2, 2014, she observed a Gull-billed Tern at the highly restricted southern evaporation ponds just north of the Kern National Wildlife Refuge. The potential 434th species was removed after being revealed it was only seen in Ventura County so a sighting of a Green Violetear photographed by Steven W. Cardiff between July 30 and August 1, 1977 was re-reviewed by the CBRC and accepted in 2005 after a photograph was produced but not in Kern County. The AOU provided Kern with its 433rd native species by splitting the Sage Sparrow into two species. Sage Sparrow becomes Bell's Sparrow - Artemisiospiza belli which breeds in Kern and Sagebrush Sparrow - Artemisiospiza nevadensis which migrates through and possibly winters in Kern County. On May 5, 2013, Bob Barnes found Kern's 432nd species with the sighting of Grace's Warbler at Cerro Coso College in Ridgecrest. On May 7, 2011, Susan Steele discovered the 431st NIB bird with a female Pyrrhuloxia in the Kern desert. In the summer of 2009, Jon Feenstra's pair of Black-tailed Gnatcatchers breeding southeastern Kern made the 430th NIB county record. Susan Steele found a Lesser Black-backed Gull, the 429th species on December 21st, 2008, at Buena Vista Lake. Susan & Bob Steele found the 428th county bird, Common Black Hawk, at Galileo Hill on 27 April 2008. Bill Foster observed the 427th NIB species, Crested Caracara, in March 2008. Susan and Bob Steele's discovery of an Arctic Warbler in September 2007 and a Hudsonian Godwit in June 2007 and Wood Sandpiper in May 2007 added the 426th, 425th, and 424th NIB species respectively to the list. Ryan Terrill's sighting of an Upland Sandpiper* added the 423rd and Tom Wurster's sighting of a Yellow-footed Gull added the 422nd NIB species to the list. The split of Canada Goose and Cackling Goose added the 421st NIB species to the list in July 2004.

CBRC species that are accepted such as Chukar (which is bred and released for hunters regularly) and others that are not accepted as in Rose-ringed Parakeet makes the whole idea of accepting some introduced species and not others which fulfill every criteria a bothersome quandary. I include species that are subject to verification as to their origin and introduced species that do not appear on the Western Field Ornithologists' official California list (eg. psittacids) because these records are important in tracking origins of potentially naturalized species. Some rarities found are reviewed by the California Bird Records Committee (CBRC). All birds appearing in bold italics with an asterisk * are California Review Species by the CBRC. Italicized birds with an asterisk * are exceptional rare visitants or vagrants (this was originally done with John Wilson's and Mike Feighner's assistance), any corrections from KC birders or CBRC reviewers are welcome.

Any birds not appearing on this list or that have an asterisk need to be documented and sent to the CBRC and to Kelli Levinson Kern County's compiler for American Birds. Although, I have been lambasted by elitist birders for including "not credible" species, I made an executive decision to add certain species that are most assuredly captive escapes/releases but deserve mention to give readers an understanding of how such a species could occur, eg. Harris's Hawk. The Trumpeter Swan is provisional, Grinnell & Miller list it in the Birds of California, but it is a weak sighting, a possible sighting in Dec. 2003 had me put it on the list. All young swans should be carefully documented as range expansion for this sensitive species is occurring. See Kern Introduced Species for others not included on this list such as some of the parrots and other single incident cage birds.

Susan Steele, Bob Barnes, and Ken & Brenda Kyle are key players in the publicizing new and rare species, without their keen observations this list would languish. The original list is a compilation of many birders list's. Information was compiled using David Blue's list from March of 1997, Rick Saval's Kern County Birds, Birds of the Kern River Parkway, Birds of Kern National Wildlife Refuge, Birds of the Kern River Valley, and Birds of Indian Wells Valley. Updates are found by reviewing the AOU supplements, from John Wilson's Field Notes for American Birds, information provided to me by area birders: Bob Barnes, Mike Feighner, Gary File, Barbara Mansfield, Michael McQuerrey, Bob & Susan Steele, John Sterling, Mary Beth Stowe, John Wilson and others, from information gleaned from CalBird and Kern County Birding, and from my own field notes.

Exceptionally devoted birders can reach 300 birds and up. No county birder has seen all of the listed species within the borders of Kern County (although Matt Heindel comes darn close!). Enjoy birding Kern County. 

All thumbnails except those cited otherwise are taken by Alison Sheehey © (available as larger images), if there is not an image it generally means that would be a life bird for me or life photograph, email me if you see something in the field that I need to photograph. These images are taken all over the country, but each bird has been documented in Kern. For fantastic bird and butterfly photos of most of these species check out Bob Steele's website.


Black-bellied Whistling-Duck*

Dendrocygna autumnalis

BV Lake One sighting only: 19 June 1938

Fulvous Whistling-Duck *

Dendrocygna bicolor



16 May 1986, California City

20 Aug 1988, Edwards AFB

Every few winters a few are killed by hunters at Kern National Wildlife Refuge.


Greater White-fronted Goose

Anser albifrons

lakes, marshes rivers

Uncommon winter. Easily confused with the domestic graylag goose.

Notice the black speckling on the belly.

A decent population of these birds winters At Kern National Wildlife Refuge.


Snow Goose

Chen caerulescens

lakes, marshes rivers

Uncommon winter visitor to the Southern Valley. Several thousand winter in the Mojave desert especially Ridgecrest around Jackson Park. One or two are resident at California City Park.


Ross's Goose

Chen rossii

lakes, marshes rivers

uncommon winter resident of the southern valley. Hundreds of these are found mixed with Snow geese in the desert.

Some birds are resident at California City Park.


Brant *

Branta bernicla


Spring vagrant in the desert


Cackling Goose

Branta hutchinsii

lakes the small races of Canada Goose familiar to those in the central valley were split in the summer of 2004. Found most commonly in winter. One is resident at California City Park.

Canada Goose

Branta canadensis

lakes, marshes rivers

winter visitor to the county. Small flocks now permanently residing at Buena Vista Lake, Lake Ming, and Kern Water Agency HQ


Trumpeter Swan*

Cygnus buccinator


Buena Vista Lake 10 1893 in Grinnell & Miller. 1X only

Questionable sighting but one was found just south of Kern In Los Angeles County in 2013.


Tundra Swan

Cygnus columbianus

lakes, rivers

rare migrant and winter visitant

  Domestic Muscovy Duck (I)

Cairina moschata


Introduced population at Hart Park and other parks around county.



Wood Duck

Aix sponsa

lakes and rivers

uncommon resident only because of its habits. Shy and retiring find the wood duck near cover. Nests along the Kern River from South Fork to Buena Vista. Common now at Hart Lake in Bakersfield.


Mandarin Duck

Aix galericulata


lakes and rivers



occasional escapee seen in the county - not established




Anas strepera




Eurasian Wigeon *

Anas penelope




American Wigeon

Anas americana

shallow lakes and ponds

uncommon to common in central valley lakes and marshes



Anas platyrhynchos

lakes and ponds, canals, rivers

abundant resident found in ponds and watercourses throughout the county. Mixed populations of domestic and wild ducks common.


Blue-winged Teal

Anas discors

lakes and shallow ponds

found in desert oases and at Kern National Wildlife refuge, uncommon but hard to tell difference in eclipse plumage from Cinnamon Teal. Found at Kern Sanitation Authority ponds  off Oswell St. in Bakersfield.


Cinnamon Teal

Anas cyanoptera

shallow waters of lakes and ponds

year-round nesting resident, common in appropriate habitat.


Northern Shoveler

Northern Shoveler - drake

Anas clypeata




Northern Pintail

Anas acuta





Garganey *

Anas querquedula


30 Sept 1990, Cantil

28 Sept-1 Oct 1995, Cantil, Matt Heindel


Green-winged Teal

Anas crecca





Aythya valisineria





Aythya americana




Ring-necked Duck

Aythya collaris




Tufted Duck *

Aythya fuligula


15 Jan 1980, Cuddy Valley

17-18 Jan 1993, Lake Isabella

23 Jan-7 Feb 1998, Bakersfield


Greater Scaup *

Aythya marila




Lesser Scaup

Aythya affinis




Surf Scoter *

Melanitta perspicillata




White-winged Scoter *

Melanitta fusca




Long-tailed Duck *

Clangula hyemalis


8 Dec 1900, Cantil

1-28 Nov 1991, China Lake



Bucephala albeola




Common Goldeneye

Bucephala clangula

lakes rivers

uncommon winter resident


Barrow's Goldeneye *

Bucephala islandica


exceptional vagrant

19 Dec 1992, Cantil

1 Jan 2012 - 4 Feb 2012, Lake Isabella


Hooded Merganser

Lophodytes cucullatus

lakes and ponds, canals, rivers

uncommon winter resident found in ponds and watercourses with cover


Common Merganser

Mergus merganser

deep water lakes, rivers, canals

uncommon breeding resident very common in winter


Red-breasted Merganser *

Mergus serrator

deep water lakes

rare visitor during winter


Ruddy Duck

Oxyura jamaicensis

lakes ponds breeding resident common in shallow lakes and ponds

Mountain Quail

Oreortyx pictus

montane, desert facing canyons

relatively common but seldom seen in the mountains.

Look for birds in the conifer forest and deserts


California Quail

Callipepla californica

grassland, shrubland, woodland, riparian

California's state bird is common in its habitat. Listen for its "Chi- CA-go" call.


Gambel's Quail (I)

Callipepla gambelii

desert near permanent water sources

This species has been introduced to some areas of  Kern, but they occur naturally in the NW Mojave desert around China Lake.


Chukar (I)

Alectoris chukar

grassland, desert, oak woodland, near water sources

Introduced from Calcutta, India in 1932. Continuous restocking make this species a tough one to count, as a wild bird.


Ring-necked Pheasant (I)

Phasianus colchicus

grassland, shrubland, marshes, grain fields

introductions of these Chinese birds began in 1889 by fish & game. there are some good size flocks around the county where hunting is restricted


Indian Peafowl (I)

Common Peafowl

Pavo cristatus


A flock of peafowl are breeding at Hart Park in Bakersfield, these are related to the birds at the old zoo.


Sooty Grouse

Dendragapus fuliginosus

Sooty Grouse


extremely rare now due to hunting pressure. May soon be extinct within county as only one flock determined to still exist.


Wild Turkey (I)

Meleagris gallopavo

Wild Turkey

montane, grassland, marsh, riparian, woodland

This species is continually released for the benefit of hunters. It is an eastern North American species.


Pied-billed Grebe

Podilymbus podiceps

countywide lakes, rivers, marshes, wetlands.

common, resident nesting.


Horned Grebe *

Podiceps auritus

countywide lakes

rare fall thru spring


Red-necked Grebe *

Podiceps grisegena

mountain lakes


13-19 Nov 1993, Lake Isabella

26 Nov 1994, Lake Isabella

Buena Vista Lake 2007


Eared Grebe

Podiceps nigricollis

Eared Grebe

countywide, lakes, marshes, wetlands

common to uncommon year-round in appropriate habitat


Western Grebe

Aechmophorus occidentalis

countywide, lakes

abundant to common in appropriate habitat, nesting


Clark's Grebe

Clark's Grebe

Aechmophorus clarkii

countywide, lakes

common to uncommon in appropriate habitat, nesting


Rock Pigeon (I)

Columba livia

nests on buildings in cities and farms

common to abundant. Introduced with European colonization of county.


Band-tailed Pigeon

Band-tailed Pigeon

Patagioenas fasciata



  African Collared-Dove - nee Ringed-turtle Dove (I)African Collared-Dove

Streptopelia roseogrisea (S. risoria)


small populations in Shafter and Bakersfield escapes and deliberate releases by breeders. rare


  Oriental Turtle-Dove (I) Streptopelia orientalis   NOT ON OFFICIAL LIST AS ESTABLISHED

Eurasian Collared-Dove * (I)

Streptopelia decaocto

breeding population reported in SW Bakersfield Introduced in 1990's. several sightings in eastern Kern.

Spotted Dove (I)

Streptopelia chinensis

Bakersfield resident - successfully naturalized

Species first reported in Los Angeles prior to 1917. Unknown when establish in Kern, suspect early 60's. Uncommon and declining


Inca Dove *

Columbina inca


rare visitant - several years in Inyokern

12 May 1996, Mojave

10 Oct 1999, California City


Common Ground-Dove *

Columbina passerina

citrus orchards, Central Valley



Ruddy Ground-Dove *

Columbina talpacoti


6-15 Nov 1996, Ridgecrest

21 Oct 1999, Galileo Hill

20-21 Oct 2001, Galileo Hill


White-winged Dove

Zenaida asiatica

towns and oases in desert. Kern Valley records in Wofford Heights and Onyx

rare vagrant


Mourning Dove

Zenaida macroura

Urban, rural, orchards

common to abundant resident


Yellow-billed Cuckoo

Coccyzus americanus

summer resident in Kern Valley - breeds in riparian forest

June through August only


Greater Roadrunner

Greater Roadrunner

Geococcyx californianus

desert areas throughout county

uncommon and local


Groove-billed Ani *

Crotophaga sulcirostris


14-15 Oct 1988, Galileo


Lesser Nighthawk

Chordeiles acutipennis




Common Nighthawk *

Common Nighthawk

Chordeiles minor




Common Poorwill

Phalaenoptilus nuttallii


Summer residnet in foothills to mountains


Black Swift *

Cypseloides niger


uncommon summer resident nesting under waterfalls


Chimney Swift *

Chaetura pelagica


11 May 1990, Cantil

5 Jun 1993, Cantil

25 May 1997, California City


Vaux's Swift

Chaetura vauxi



Spring and fall migrant


White-throated Swift

Aeronautes saxatalis



Resident in mountains and canyons near rocky areas


Black-chinned Hummingbird

Black-chinned Hummingbird

Archilochus alexandri


Summer resident in county


Anna's Hummingbird

Calypte anna


Resident throughout county


Costa's Hummingbird

Calypte costae


Resident in desert habitats


Broad-tailed Hummingbird *

Selasphorus platycercus


exceptional  11 May 1986, California City

May 1991, California City nesting female

4 Jun 1999, Jawbone Canyon


Rufous Hummingbird

Selasphorus rufus


Spring and Fall Migrant


Allen's Hummingbird *

Allen's Hummingbird

Selasphorus sasin


Rare spring and fall migrant


Calliope Hummingbird

Selasphorus calliope

Calliope Hummingbird


Summer breeder in mountains


Broad-billed Hummingbird *

Broad-billed Hummingbird

Cynanthus latirostris


18 Apr 1982, Short Canyon

1-2 Oct 1997, Weldon

26-31 Oct 2005, Inyokern


Virginia Rail

Rallus limicola





Porzana carolina




Common Gallinule

Common Moorhen

Gallinula galeata




American Coot

Fulica americana




Sandhill Crane

Sandhill Crane

Antigone canadensis

Lesser Sandhill Crane - state species of concern

A. c. canadensis


Greater Sandhill Crane - state threatened species

A. (Grus) c. tabida


marshes, grassland, irrigated pasture, agricultural fields

rare and local in winter. Just to the north in Tulare County at Pixley Refuge, thousands can easily be seen from November through February.


Black-necked Stilt

Black-necked Stilt

Himantopus mexicanus




American Avocet

Recurvirostra americana




Black-bellied Plover

Pluvialis squatarola




American Golden-Plover *

Pluvialis dominica



10 fall records

3 one day records one per year 2005-2007. Edwards Air Force Base and China Lake Naval Weapons Center


Pacific Golden-Plover *

Pluvialis fulva


31 Aug-2 Sep 1990, Kern NWR vicinity

23 May 2011, Ridgecrest


Snowy Plover

Charadrius alexandrinus




Semipalmated Plover

Charadrius semipalmatus





Charadrius vociferus





Mountain Plover

Charadrius montanus



  Upland Sandpiper *

Bartramia longicauda

  Ryan Terrill - Galileo - 4 Jun 2006


Numenius phaeopus




Long-billed Curlew

Numenius americanus



  Hudsonian Godwit

Limosa haemastica

  Susan Steele - China Lake 7-8 Jun 2007

Marbled Godwit

Limosa fedoa




Ruddy Turnstone *

Arenaria interpres


28 Apr-12 May (9 records)

14 July to 8 Sept (16 fall records)


Black Turnstone *

Black Turnstone

Arenaria melanocephala


29 May 1988, China Lake

1-2 Sept 1996, Edwards AFB


Red Knot *

Red Knot

Calidris canutus


Very rare fall migrant



Calidris alba




Semipalmated Sandpiper

Calidris pusilla





Western Sandpiper

Calidris mauri



  Red-necked Stint *

Calidris ruficollis

  Susan Steele - China Lake 13 June 2005

Least Sandpiper

Calidris minutilla




White-rumped Sandpiper *

Calidris fuscicollis 


3 records from China  Lake, late May 2000, 2007, 2009 one fall record 15 Aug 2006


Baird's Sandpiper

Baird's Sandpiper

Calidris bairdii




Pectoral Sandpiper

Calidris melanotos




Sharp-tailed Sandpiper *

Calidris acuminata



8-10 Apr 1984, Kern NWR




Calidris alpina

  Curlew Sandpiper *

Calidris ferruginea


24 July 2001, South Base Ponds - Edward's Air Force Base


Stilt Sandpiper

Calidris himantopus




Buff-breasted Sandpiper *

Calidris subruficollis




Ruff *

Calidris pugnax




Short-billed Dowitcher

Short-billed Dowitcher

Limnodromus griseus 




Long-billed Dowitcher

Limnodromus scolopaceus




Wilson's Snipe

Gallinago delicata




Spotted Sandpiper

Actitis macularius





Solitary Sandpiper

Tringa solitaria




Wandering Tattler *

Tringa incana



4 Jun 1993, China Lake

6 May 1998, Edwards AFB


Greater Yellowlegs

Greater Yellowlegs

Tringa melanoleuca





Tringa semipalmata




Lesser Yellowlegs

Tringa flavipes



  Wood Sandpiper *

Tringa glareola

  Susan Steele - China Lake 23 May 2007

Wilson's Phalarope

Wilson's Phalarope

Phalaropus tricolor




Red-necked Phalarope

Phalaropus lobatus




Red Phalarope *

Phalaropus fulicarius

Red Phalarope




Pomarine Jaeger *

Stercorarius pomarinus


2 Sept 1989, China Lake



Parasitic Jaeger *

Stercorarius parasiticus


19-22 Sept 1989, China Lake


Long-tailed Jaeger *

Stercorarius longicaudus


23-Aug-94 China Lake


Black-legged Kittiwake *

Rissa tridactyla


11 Dec 1987, Inyokern


Sabine's Gull

Xema sabini




Bonaparte's Gull

Chroicocephalus philadelphia




Little Gull *

Hydrocoloeus minutus


4-6 May 1996, China Lake NWR

29 Aug 1997,  China Lake NWR, 19 Apr 1999, China Lake NWR

29 Aug 2011, China Lake NWR


Laughing Gull *

Leucophaeus atricilla


19 July 1997, Edwards AFB


Franklin's Gull

Leucophaeus pipixcan




Heermann's Gull *

Larus heermanni


16 Jun 1990, 10-11 May 1997, 29 Oct 1994, 7 Oct 1995, Edwards AFB


Mew Gull *

Mew Gull

Larus canus


10 Oct 1992, Cantil, 30 Oct 1999, Edwards


Ring-billed Gull

Larus delawarensis




Western Gull *

Larus occidentalis


Exceptional visitor to Kern. This common coastal gull is truly a sea gull as it rarely ventures inland.

17 Apr 1988, Edwards


Yellow-footed Gull*

Larus livens

  April 2006 Tom Werster, China Lake

California Gull

Larus californicus




Herring Gull

Larus argentatus




Thayer's Gull *

Larus thayeri


26 May 1998, China Lake


Lesser Black-backed Gull *

Larus fuscus


Susan Steele 21 Dec 2008 BV Lake


Glaucous-winged Gull *

Larus glaucescens




Glaucous Gull *

Larus hyperboreus


19 Dec 1998, Arvin
2011, Arvin


Least Tern *

Least Tern

Sternula antillarum


12 May - 23 Jun, 8 records in Kern desert


 Gull-billed Tern*

 Gelochelidon nilotica  

Susan Steele 2 May 2014 S. Evaporation Ponds (restricted access)


Caspian Tern

Hydroprogne caspia




Black Tern

Chlidonias niger




Common Tern *

Sterna hirundo




Arctic Tern *

Sterna paradisaea


June records at both  China Lake NWS and Edwards AFB


Forster's Tern

Sterna forsteri




Black Skimmer *

Rynchops niger


28 Jul 1990, China Lake


Red-throated Loon *

Gavia stellata


Lake Isabella

22 Oct 1995, Edwards AFB

fall, winter exceptional Lake Isabella


Pacific Loon

Gavia pacifica

mountain, desert lakes

very rare fall through spring


Common Loon   

Gavia immer

California species of concern

mountain, valley lakes, recharge areas, aqueduct

uncommon Sept. thru May


Wood Stork *

Wood Stork

Mycteria americana

valley, marshes


11 May 1922, Buena Vista


Magnificent Frigatebird *Magnificent Frigatebird

Fregata magnificens

Lake Isabella


5 Aug 1980, Mt Pinos

fall 1977, Lake Isabella


Neotropic Cormorant*

Phalacrocorax brasilianus lakes May 11-23, 2015 - George Griffeth found this bird at Lake Ming - May 11, 2015

Double-crested Cormorant

Phalacrocorax auritus

California species of concern

countywide lakes, rivers

common winter, fall, spring, uncommon summer


American White Pelican

Pelecanus erythrorhynchos

California species of concern

countywide, lakes, marshes, waste water treatment areas

uncommon to common


Brown Pelican *

Brown Pelican

Pelecanus occidentalis

federally endangered

California endangered

desert, mountain, lakes


21 Aug 1991, China Lake NWS

23-25 Aug 1990, China Lake NWS


American Bittern

Botaurus lentiginosus

California sensitive species

An uncommon resident in the San Joaquin Valley, Kern Valley and Mojave Desert.

Prefers cattail / tule marshes. Breeding at Kern National Wildlife Refuge and unconfirmed in the Kern Valley.


Least Bittern *

Ixobrychus exilis

California species of concern

Formerly bred in the Kern Valley but no recent records.

Extremely shy and very rarely seen.  Prefers cattail / tule marshes in the valleys, few records for the Kern desert but there are breeding records to the north in Inyo County.


Great Blue Heron

Ardea herodias

California sensitive species

A breeding resident throughout the county.

Great Blue Herons nest in trees in communal rookeries. Relatively common in appropriate habitat year round.


Great Egret

Ardea alba

California sensitive species

Breeding is not confirmed but suspected at the City of Bakersfield 2800-acre recharge basin.

Common along the Kern River especially in winter and spring. Found in varying numbers throughout the county.


Snowy Egret

Egretta thula

A rare breeder in the San Joaquin Valley.

Frequents open cottonwood/willow forests, and cattail / tule marshes. Fairly common in the Tulare and Kern River Basins. Uncommon to rare in the Kern Valley and the desert.


Little Blue Heron *

Egretta caerulea

Only observed 3X in county at Edwards Air Force Base and California City

exceptional vagrant

10 May 1991, California City

19-22 Dec 1992, California City


Cattle Egret

Bubulcus ibis

A breeding resident in the San Joaquin Valley.

Prefers rather stinky places like sewer ponds and feedlots. Very common at landfills and sewer ponds in the Bakersfield area. Less common to rare in rest of the county.


Green Heron

Butorides virescens

A breeding resident in the San Joaquin Valley, Kern Valley and Mojave Desert. Prefers the edges and underbrush along streams and in marshes.

A shy and inconspicuous bird that is uncommon in appropriate habitat in the valleys, and rare in the desert. countywide, tule marshes, vegetated canals


Black-crowned Night-Heron

Nycticorax nycticorax

A breeding resident in the San Joaquin Valley, Kern Valley and Mojave Desert. countywide, parks, rivers, lakes, marshes

Prefers cattail / tule marshes. Relatively abundant to common in appropriate habitat in the valleys, less common to rare in the desert.


White-faced Ibis

Plegadis chihi

Federal species of concern

California species of concern

countywide, marshes, ponds

uncommon nesting


Roseate Spoonbill *

Roseate Spoonbill

Platalea ajaja

valley, marshes


24 Sep - 2 Oct 1966, Buttonwillow


Turkey Vulture

Turkey Vulture

Cathartes aura

countywide, all habitats

uncommon nesting common migrant, split migration routes through Kern Valley and Tehachapi via Bakersfield


California Condor

California Condor

Gymnogyps californianus

Federal endangered species

California endangered species

Tehachapis, Greenhorn Mountains

reintroduced population

see Don Roberson's page about countability



Pandion haliaetus


Resident along canals and at Isabella Reservoir


White-tailed Kite

Elanus leucurus


Resident in riparian areas with extreme variability in populations from year to year


Mississippi Kite *

Ictinia mississippiensis


5 Jun 1992, Kern River Preserve


Bald Eagle

Bald Eagle

Haliaeetus leucocephalus




Northern Harrier

Circus cyaneus




Sharp-shinned Hawk

Accipiter striatus




Cooper's Hawk

Cooper's Hawk

Accipiter cooperii




Northern Goshawk

Accipiter gentilis




Common Black Hawk *

Buteogallus anthracinus

Lakes stocked with fish Bob & Susan Steele found on 27 April 2008 at Galileo Hill

Harris's Hawk *(I)

Parabuteo unicinctus

seen in Kern River Valley and northern Mojave 5 March 2001, California City

Red-shouldered Hawk

Red-shouldered Hawk

Buteo lineatus




Broad-winged Hawk *

Broad-winged Hawk

Buteo platypterus


2 Oct 1983, Cantil

8 May 1988, Cantil

24 Sept 1999, Galileo Hill


Swainson's Hawk

Buteo swainsoni




Zone-tailed Hawk *

Buteo albonotatus


3 Oct 1994, Kelso Valley

26 May 1994, California City



Red-tailed Hawk

Buteo jamaicensis




Rough-legged Hawk

Buteo lagopus




Ferruginous Hawk

Buteo regalis




Golden Eagle

Aquila chrysaetos




Barn Owl

Tyto alba

barns, rock cavities, tree cavities, palm tress

common near water and open areas with trees or buildings nearby


Flammulated Owl *

Otus flammeolus


summer only


Western Screech-Owl

Western Screech Owl

Megascops kennicottii

oak woodlands, riparian areas



Great Horned Owl

Bubo virginianus

riparian areas, suburban, palm trees

common to abundant


Northern Pygmy-Owl

Northern Pygmy-Owl

Glaucidium gnoma

oak woodlands



Burrowing Owl

Athene cunicularia




Spotted Owl

Strix occidentalis




Long-eared Owl

Asio otus

riparian areas and pine trees in deserts.

These birds breed in Ridgecrest and can be found on occasion in the mountains and deserts of the county.


Short-eared Owl

Asio flammeus


Winter resident in desert scrub


Northern Saw-whet Owl

Aegolius acadicus


Resident in conifer woodland


Belted Kingfisher

Megaceryle alcyon


Resident along lakes and rivers


Lewis's Woodpecker

Melanerpes lewis


Rare resident in oak woodlands


Acorn Woodpecker

Melanerpes formicivorus


Resident in oak to conifer forests in foothills to mountains


Williamson's Sapsucker

Williamson's Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus thyroideus

Williamson's Sapsucker


Rare resident breeder in mountains. Winter visitor to pine woodlands


Yellow-bellied Sapsucker *

Sphyrapicus varius


rare winter visitor to pine/oak woodlands


Red-naped Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus nuchalis


Winter visitor to oak and pine woodlands.


Red-breasted Sapsucker

Red-breasted Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus ruber


Breeds in mountains along willow canyons and winter resident in exotic pines and live oaks


Ladder-backed Woodpecker

Picoides scalaris


Resident in Joshua tree woodlands


Nuttall's Woodpecker

Picoides nuttallii


Resident breeder in oak woodlands and riparian forests.


Downy Woodpecker

Downy Woodpecker - male

Picoides pubescens


Resident breeder in valley and mountain locales.


Hairy Woodpecker

Picoides villosus


Resident breeder in valley and mountain locales.


White-headed Woodpecker

White-headed Woodpecker

Picoides albolarvatus


Resident breeder in mountains. Valley visitor in winter


Northern Flicker

Northern Flicker

Colaptes auratus




Pileated Woodpecker

Pileated Woodpecker

Dryocopus pileatus


Rare resident in Greenhorn Mountains


Crested Caracara*

Caracara cheriwayCrested Caracara

grassland - riparian forest

Exceptional vagrant

Bill Foster - 25 March 2008 - Kern River Preserve


American Kestrel

Falco sparverius





Falco columbarius


Winter resident


Peregrine Falcon

Falco peregrinus




Prairie Falcon

Falco mexicanus




Rose-ringed Parakeet (I)

Psittacula krameri

over 3,000 birds throughout Bakersfield

ESCAPEE in late 1970's - well established as a naturalized population




Olive-sided Flycatcher

Olive-sided Flycatcher

Contopus cooperi


Breeds inconifer forests


Western Wood-Pewee

Contopus sordidulus


Common in summer and during migration.  Breeds in at the Kern River Preserve and the local montane conifer forests.


Eastern Wood-Pewee *

Contopus virens


Exceptional vagrant

10 Jun 1998, Galileo Hill Park

27 Jun - 9 Jul 1998, South Fork Wildlife Area


Yellow-bellied Flycatcher *

Empidonax flaviventris


3 Oct 2004, Galileo Hill

11 Sept 1996, Galileo Hill

7 Sept 1998, California City

21 Sept 1997, Galileo Hill

24 Sept 1997, Near Cantil

5 Oct 2002, California City golf course


Alder Flycatcher *

Empidonax alnorum


30 May 1992, Butterbredt
NOT ACCEPTED AS VALID RECORD by CBRC but on list by Kern County regional Editor for American Birds


Willow Flycatcher

Empidonax traillii


Breeds in riparian forest along South Fork Kern River


Least Flycatcher *

Empidonax minimus


rare vagrant has over summered at the Kern River Preserve in Weldon.


Hammond's Flycatcher

Hammond's Flycatcher

Empidonax hammondii


Migrant and summer resident, bred in mountains


Gray Flycatcher

Empidonax wrightii


Breeds in montane chaparral


Dusky Flycatcher

Dusky Flycatcher

Empidonax oberholseri




Pacific-slope Flycatcher

Pacific-slope Flycatcher

Empidonax difficilis


breeds in Kern Valley and mountains


Cordilleran Flycatcher


Empidonax occidentalis


recorded at Galileo Hill on 1 June 2016 by Thomas Ford-Hutchinson


Black Phoebe

Sayornis nigricans


Year round resident. Common along waterways. High pitched "Tchew chew" call gives away location


Eastern Phoebe *

Sayornis phoebe


Rare vagrant to Kern. When found normally in marshy areas.


Say's Phoebe

Sayornis saya


Year round resident. Along with Black Phoebe these are the only flycatchers normally found in Kern in winter. Fence lines near golf courses, good places to find this bird.


Vermilion Flycatcher

Pyrocephalus rubinus

desert riparian corridors

This bird nests in the desert and Kern Valley, rare winter vagrant to the central valley.


Ash-throated Flycatcher

Myiarchus cinerascens


common nesting in riparian and desert environs


Great Crested Flycatcher *

Great-crested Flycatcher

Myiarchus crinitus


23-27 Sept 1989, Galileo

4 Oct 1996, 7 mi N of California City


Brown-crested Flycatcher

Myiarchus tyrannulus


rare nesting species in Kern and Kelso Valleis


Tropical Kingbird *

Tyrannus melancholicus



22 Sep 1996, Kern River Preserve


Cassin's Kingbird

Cassin's Kingbird

Tyrannus vociferans


Uncommon. A pair has been nesting and wintering in the Rio Bravo area since 2001. Nesting pair found in Onyx


Western Kingbird

Western Kingbird

Tyrannus verticalis


Common summer resident. My son named this the squeaky toy bird when he was 8 years old, the name is apropos as the call of the Western Kingbird does sound like a squeaky dog toy.


Eastern Kingbird *

Tyrannus tyrannus


rare vagrant


Scissor-tailed Flycatcher *

Tyrannus forficatus


rare vagrant, has bred with Western Kingbird once in the western San Joaquin Valley.


Loggerhead Shrike

Lanius ludovicianus


Uncommon resident. The Loggerhead Shrike is declining nationwide as its habitat, grassland and shrubland disappears to development.


Northern Shrike *

Lanius excubitor


An exceptional winter visitor from the northern states. This bird has been recorded at least 8 times in Kern.


White-eyed Vireo *

Vireo griseus


Exceptional vagrant

5/26/1997, Vic. Cantil

5/31/2012-6/1/2012, Galileo Hill

5/29/1999, California City

9/30/2003, Galileo Hill

5/18/2008, Galileo Hill

5/25-28/2009, Galileo Hill


Bell's Vireo *

Vireo bellii


Formerly common breeder in riparian forests, rarely found in the county now.


Gray Vireo *

Vireo vicinior




Hutton's Vireo

Vireo huttoni



Foudn in oak chaparral, breeds locally.


Yellow-throated Vireo *

Vireo flavifrons


5/26/1999, Jawbone Canyon

10/9/1999, Galileo Hills

5/19-20/2001, Department of Water and Power in Jawbone Canyon near Cantil

6/3/2001, Butterbredt Spring

4/13/2002, Galileo Hill Park

5/29-31/2004, Butterbredt Spring 5/14/2006, Butterbredt Spring


Cassin's Vireo

Vireo cassinii


A summer resident breeding in area mountains.


Blue-headed Vireo *

Vireo solitarius


Exceptional vagrant

10/22/2001, Galileo Hill, found by Tom Wurster

4/20/2004, Butterbredt Spring


Plumbeous Vireo

Vireo plumbeus


Migrant through the county. Breeds just over the county line in Tulare County at the Chimney Creek Campground on the Chimney Peak Byway


Philadelphia Vireo *

Vireo philadelphicus


6-12 Oct 1996, Galileo Hill

29 Sept 2012, Cerro Coso College, Ridgecrest, found by Bob Barnes


Warbling Vireo

Vireo gilvus


A breeding summer resident in riparian forests and mountains.


Red-eyed Vireo *

Vireo olivaceus


A rare vagrant.


Yellow-green Vireo *

Vireo flavoviridis


Exceptional vagrant

9/21-27/1995, Galileo Hill

10/6/1998, Galileo Hill Park

10/28-30/2003, Galileo Hill


Pinyon Jay

Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus



Found in the pinyon pine woodland along the eastern crest of the Sierra Nevada and in Kelso Valley.


Steller's Jay

Steller's Jay

Cyanocitta stelleri


Resident in all of the region's montane conifer forests.


California Scrub-Jay

Aphelocoma californica


A common resident of wooded areas of the mountains and San Joaquin Valley.

  Woodhouse's Scrub-Jay Aphelocoma woodhouseii   Records of Woodhouse's race from Kern Valley to desert

Clark's Nutcracker

Nucifraga Columbiana


Very rare county resident. Seen most often on Mt. Pinos, but also inhabits the Piutes, and Greenhorns.


Black-billed Magpie *

Pica hudsonia


exceptional 3X only in the desert


Yellow-billed Magpie

Pica nuttalli


Found in Kern County only along Hwy 41 between San Luis Obispo and Kings Counties.


American Crow

Corvus brachyrhynchos




Common Raven

Corvus corax




Horned Lark

Eremophila alpestris




Purple Martin

Purple Martin

Progne subis



Breeds in oak woodland at Tejon Ranch and Stallions Springs


Tree Swallow

Tachycineta bicolor




Violet-green Swallow

Tachycineta thalassina




Northern Rough-winged Swallow

Stelgidopteryx serripennis




Bank Swallow

Riparia riparia


spring migrant


Cliff Swallow

Petrochelidon pyrrhonota




Barn Swallow

Hirundo rustica




Mountain Chickadee

Poecile gambeli




Oak Titmouse

Baeolophus inornatus




Juniper Titmouse* 

Baeolophus ridgwayi



24 Feb 1999, California City, Matt Heindel



Auriparus flaviceps





Psaltriparus minimus




Red-breasted Nuthatch

Sitta canadensis




White-breasted Nuthatch

Sitta carolinensis




Pygmy Nuthatch

Sitta pygmaea




Brown Creeper

Certhia americana


Resident in conifer forests, found on mature trees in suburbs and along riparian zones in winter


Rock Wren

Rock Wren

Salpinctes obsoletus


Resident in rocky areas in foothills, and along reservoir and canal rip rap areas


Canyon Wren

Catherpes mexicanus


Resident in canyons and on foothill slopes


House Wren

Troglodytes aedon


Summer resident in valleys and mountains. Some linger in winter in the San Joaquin Valley


Pacific Wren

Troglodytes pacificus


Rare resident in montane chaparral


Marsh Wren

Cistothorus palustris


Resident in marshes and tule/cattail lined canals


Bewick's Wren

Thryomanes bewickii


Resident in chaparral, woodlands, and riparian underbrush


Cactus Wren

Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus


Resident in desert areas with cholla cactus


American Dipper

Cinclus mexicanus


Uncommon resident along the Kern River and tributaries.


Golden-crowned Kinglet

Regulus satrapa


Winter wanderer to the desert and valleys. Summer nesting in the conifer forest


Ruby-crowned Kinglet

Regulus calendula


Winter resident


Dusky Warbler *

Phylloscopus fuscatus


4-5 Oct 1997 near Cantil, David Blue, Matt Heindel

  Arctic Warbler *

Phylloscopus borealis

  6-10 Sept 2007 Bob & Susan Steele, Gjon Hazard - Galileo Hill

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher

Polioptila caerulea


Occupies dry washes and desert chaparral


Black-tailed Gnatcatcher

Polioptila melanura

  Breeding pair found in summer 2009 by Jon Feenstra - north of Mojave

Western Bluebird

Sialia mexicana



Breeds in mountain valleys and Kern River Valley. Found in lesser numbers in SJV and KRV in winter


Mountain Bluebird

Sialia currucoides


Good size flocks are found in teh valleys in winter


Townsend's Solitaire

Myadestes townsendi


Breeds locally in the mountains and chaparral. Winters in Kern Desert and some valley locales.


Veery *

Catharus fuscescens



19-24 Sept 1991, Galileo


Gray-cheeked Thrush *

Catharus minimus


Exceptional vagrant

14-18 Sep 1989, Galileo

9 Oct 1998, Galileo


Swainson's Thrush

Catharus ustulatus


Mostly spring migrant


Hermit Thrush

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus


Winter resident


Wood Thrush *

Hylocichla mustelina


6/16/1999, Galileo Park

10/11-13/1998,  California City

6/8-10/2003, Cerro Coso Community College,  Ridgecrest

10/1/2011, Galileo Hill

6/22/2010 to 7/2/2010, Cottonwood Creek on the Tejon Ranch

10/9/2008, Galileo Hill

  Eyebrowed Thrush*

Turdus obscurus

2001 Exceptional vagrant

28 May 2001 Galileo Hills, Scott Terrill


American Robin

Turdus migratorius




Varied Thrush

Ixoreus naevius





Chamaea fasciata




Gray Catbird *

Dumetella carolinensis


rare vagrant


Brown Thrasher *

Toxostoma rufum


rare vagrant


Bendire's Thrasher

Toxostoma bendirei




California Thrasher

Toxostoma redivivum




Le Conte's Thrasher

Toxostoma lecontei




Sage Thrasher

Oreoscoptes montanus




Northern Mockingbird

Mimus polyglottos




European Starling (I)

Sturnus vulgaris




Bohemian Waxwing *

Bombycilla garrulus


Exceptional vagrant

11 Jan 1987, Inyokern


Cedar Waxwing

Bombycilla cedrorum





Phainopepla nitens




House Sparrow (I)

Passer domesticus

Countywide human habitations and agricultural fields especially those with sludge or manure based fertilizers.

Common to abundant. First appeared in Bakersfield in 1901 and in Tehachapi 1903.


Red-throated Pipit *

Anthus cervinus


20 Sep 1991, China Lake

22 Sep 1991, California City


American Pipit

Anthus rubescens




Sprague's Pipit *

Anthus spragueii


8-9 Oct 2008, Galileo Hill

20-22 Oct1996, China Lake NAWS


Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch *

Leucosticte tephrocotis


Exceptional vagrant

12 Nov 1998, Galileo


Pine Grosbeak*

Pinicola enucleator

  Exceptional vagrant

3 Nov 2004, Galileo Hill, found by Brenda & Ken Kyle


House Finch

Haemorhous mexicanus

suburban, and most native habitats

Resident breeder in the county in the lower elevations


Purple Finch

Haemorhous purpureus




Cassin's Finch

Haemorhous cassinii




Red Crossbill

Loxia curvirostra

montane species

irruptive species that breeds in conifer forests. Hooked bill tears open pine cones. Occasionally found breeding in the unusual desert location at California City Central Park.


Pine Siskin

Spinus pinus




Lesser Goldfinch

Spinus psaltria

riparian, grassland and chaparral near water source.

resident in varying numbers throughout the county. Breeds in the Kern Valley and Mountains


Lawrence's Goldfinch

Spinus lawrencei

riparian, grassland, conifers,  and chaparral near water source.

rare winter records

spring through fall

breeds in Kern River Valley and mountains


American Goldfinch

Spinus tristis

riparian and grassland habitats

winter resident in varying numbers like most goldfinches numbers tend to be irruptive


Evening Grosbeak

Coccothraustes vespertinus

rare winter visitant to Kern River Valley

breeds in Piute Mountains


Lapland Longspur *

Calcarius lapponicus


Rare migrant


Chestnut-collared Longspur

Calcarius ornatus


Rare migrant


Smith's Longspur *

Calcarius pictus


Exceptional vagrant

10 Oct 1996, Galileo Hill


McCown's Longspur *

Rhynchophanes mccownii


Exceptional vagrant

25-30 Nov 1988, Garlock

20-25 Oct 1999, Edwards


Snow Bunting *

Plectrophenax nivalis


Exceptional vagrant

23-27 Dec 1978, Kelso Valley


Ovenbird *

Seiurus aurocapillus



75 spring records and 17 fall records


Worm-eating Warbler *

Helmitheros vermivorus


10 May 1987, Butterbredt

25 May 1990, Mojave

24 May 1992, Butterbredt

4/22-25/2001, Butterbredt Spring,

5/17-20/2003, Butterbredt Spring

10/12-28/2003, Galileo Hill, Found by Dan Cooper

6/9-10/2010,  Butterbredt Springs


Louisiana Waterthrush *

Parkesia motacilla


21 May 1990, Mojave

16-19 Sep 1994, Galileo Hill

3-6 Sep 2012, California City


Northern Waterthrush *

Parkesia noveboracensis


39 spring records and 63 fall records in the Kern desert


Golden-winged Warbler *

Vermivora chrysoptera


5/31/1997, California City

8/3/2000, Kern River Preserve

6/13/2001, Galileo Hill Park

5/31/2008, Butterbredt Springs


Blue-winged Warbler *

Vermivora cyanoptera


9/24-27/1995, Galileo Hill

6/8/1997, Butterbredt Spring

6/8-10/1999, Butterbredt Springs

5/21/2001, California City

5/28/2001, Galileo Hill Park

10/4/2002, near Cantil

5/26/2003, Butterbredt Springs

5/25/2009, Butterbredt Spring


Black-and-white Warbler *

Mniotilta varia


rare migrant


Prothonotary Warbler *

Protonotaria citrea


Exceptional vagrant

10/2-3/1987, Galileo Hill


Tennessee Warbler *

Oreothlypis peregrina


Rare migrant



Orange-crowned Warbler

Oreothlypis celata



Resident in riparian areas


Lucy's Warbler *

Oreothlypis luciae


Rare migrant


Nashville Warbler

Oreothlypis ruficapilla




Virginia's Warbler *

Virginia's Warbler

Oreothlypis virginiae


Rare migrant


Connecticut Warbler*

Oporornis agilis


12 June 1999

9/7/1999, Ridgecrest

9/7/2000, Galileo Hill Park

9/19-20/2000, Inyokern

9/23/2001, Galileo Hill Park

5/23/2006, Butterbredt Spring


MacGillivray's Warbler

Geothlypis tolmiei





Mourning Warbler *

Geothlypis philadelphia


9/15-18/1994, Galileo Hill 9/16/2006, Galileo Hill Park

9/25/1999, California City

9/11/2002, LADWP Property in Mojave

5/26/2003, Cerro Coso College,  Ridgecrest

10/2/2003, California City


Kentucky Warbler *

Geothlypis formosus


Rare migrant


Common Yellowthroat

Common Yellowthroat

Geothlypis trichas




Hooded Warbler *

Setophaga citrina


Rare migrant


American Redstart *

Setophaga ruticilla


Uncommon migrant


Cape May Warbler *

Setophaga tigrina


Exceptional vagrant


Cerulean Warbler *

Setophaga cerulea


Exceptional vagrant


Northern Parula *

Northern Parula

Setophaga americana




Magnolia Warbler *

Setophaga magnolia




Bay-breasted Warbler *

Setophaga castanea


Exceptional vagrant


Blackburnian Warbler *

Setophaga fusca


Exceptional vagrant


Yellow Warbler

Setophaga petechia


Summer resident


Chestnut-sided Warbler *

Setophaga pensylvanica


Rare migrant


Blackpoll Warbler *

Setophaga striata


Exceptional vagrant


Black-throated Blue Warbler

Setophaga caerulescens


Rare migrant


Palm Warbler *

Setophaga palmarum


Exceptional vagrant


Pine Warbler

Setophaga pinus


One record 8 November 2014, Desert Memorial Park, Ridgecrest. Tom Benson, Matt Grube, David Rankin, and Brad Singer.


Yellow-rumped Warbler

Setophaga coronata


Winter resident, summer breeder in mountains


Yellow-throated Warbler *

Yellow-throated Warbler

Setophaga dominica



5/10/2003, Butterbredt Spring 4/17/2005, Butterbredt Spring 4/26/2005, Lebec

5/25/2008, Galileo Hill

6/9/2010, Butterbredt Springs


Prairie Warbler *

Setophaga discolor


Exceptional vagrant


Grace's Warbler *

Setophaga graciae


5 May 2013 - Bob Barnes, Cerro Coso College, Ridgecrest


Black-throated Gray Warbler

Setophaga nigrescens


Uncommon migrant and rare winter resident


Townsend's Warbler

Setophaga townsendi


Common migrant and rare winter resident


Hermit Warbler

Setophaga occidentalis


Uncommon migrant and mountain nester


Black-throated Green Warbler *

Setophaga virens


Exceptional vagrant


Canada Warbler *

Cardellina canadensis


Exceptional vagrant


Wilson's Warbler

Cardellina pusilla


Abundant migrant


Red-faced Warbler *

Cardellina rubrifrons



7 October 2014 -Ken and Brenda Kyle - Galileo Hill


Painted Redstart *

Myioborus pictus



Exceptional vagrant


Yellow-breasted Chat

Icteria virens


Summer resident


Green-tailed Towhee

Pipilo chlorurus




Spotted Towhee

Pipilo maculatus




California Towhee

Melozone crissalis




Cassin's Sparrow*

Peucaea cassinii


Exceptional vagrant

10-13 June 2001, Weldon


Rufous-crowned Sparrow

Aimophila ruficeps




American Tree Sparrow *

Spizella arborea




Chipping Sparrow

Spizella passerina




Clay-colored Sparrow *

Spizella pallida




Brewer's Sparrow

Spizella breweri




Field Sparrow *

Spizella pusilla


Exceptional vagrant

11/1-4/1998, Inyokern


Black-chinned Sparrow

Spizella atrogularis




Vesper Sparrow

Pooecetes gramineus




Lark Sparrow

Lark Sparrow

Chondestes grammacus




Black-throated Sparrow

Amphispiza bilineata




Sagebrush Sparrow

Artemisiospiza nevadensis




Bell's Sparrow

Artemisiospiza belli




Lark Bunting *

Calamospiza melanocorys




Savannah Sparrow

Passerculus sandwichensis




Grasshopper Sparrow *

Ammodramus savannarum




Le Conte's Sparrow *

Ammodramus leconteii


Exceptional vagrant


Nelson's Sparrow *

Ammodramus nelsoni


Exceptional vagrant


Fox Sparrow

Passerella iliaca




Song Sparrow

Melospiza melodia




Lincoln's Sparrow

Melospiza lincolnii




Swamp Sparrow *

Melospiza georgiana




White-throated Sparrow *

Zonotrichia albicollis




Harris's Sparrow *

Harris' Sparrow

Zonotrichia querula




White-crowned Sparrow

Zonotrichia leucophrys




Golden-crowned Sparrow

Zonotrichia atricapilla




Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis




Rustic Bunting *

Emberiza rustica


Exceptional vagrant

7-10 Nov 1993 near Cantil, Matt Heindel


Hepatic Tanager*

Piranga flava


Exceptional vagrant

1 unaccepted sighting by Tom Wurster Fall 2001 but his June 2012 sighting is being reviewed and looks as though this one may pass review.


Summer Tanager

Piranga rubra




Scarlet Tanager *

Piranga olivacea



Exceptional vagrant

10/31/1997, Inyokern

10/1/1998, Galileo Hill

10/18/1999, Galileo Hill

5/11/2001, California City


Western Tanager

Piranga ludoviciana





Cardinalis sinuatus


Exceptional vagrant

7-8 May 2011 - female found in Inyokern by Susan Steele


Rose-breasted Grosbeak *

Pheucticus ludovicianus




Black-headed Grosbeak

Pheucticus melanocephalus




Blue Grosbeak

Passerina caerulea




Lazuli Bunting

Passerina amoena




Indigo Bunting

Passerina cyanea




Painted Bunting *

Passerina ciris


9/1/1996, California City

9/6/1998, near Cantil

9/24-27/1998,  Ridgecrest

9/11-12/1999, Galileo Hill Park

10/1/2000, Galaleo Hill Park

9/14/2002, Galileo Hill

9/15/2004, Cerro Coso College in Ridgecrest


Dickcissel *

Spiza americana




Bobolink *

Dolichonyx oryzivorus




Red-winged Blackbird

Agelaius phoeniceus




Tricolored Blackbird

Agelaius tricolor




Western Meadowlark

Sturnella neglecta




Yellow-headed Blackbird

Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus




Rusty Blackbird *

Euphagus carolinus



11/5-14/2011, Cerro Coso Community College,  Ridgecrest

11/18/2011, Galileo Hill


Brewer's Blackbird

Euphagus cyanocephalus




Common Grackle *

Quiscalus quiscula


Exceptional vagrant

29 Oct 1994, Galileo

24-25 Oct 1995, Canebrake

22 Apr 2009, Inyokern


Great-tailed Grackle

Quiscalus mexicanus




Bronzed Cowbird *

Molothrus aeneus

Bronzed Cowbird


Exceptional vagrant

5 Jun 1988, Galileo

19-28 May 1994, Onyx
5 Jun 2011, Inyokern


Brown-headed Cowbird

Molothrus ater




Orchard Oriole *

Icterus spurius





Hooded Oriole

Icterus cucullatus




Bullock's Oriole

Icterus bullockii




Baltimore Oriole *

Icterus galbula




Scott's Oriole

Icterus parisorum



FYI: Recent American Ornithologist's Union checklists and supplements 36th through 52nd editions yield the following changes relevant to Kern County birders. Changes to taxonomic nomenclature current as of 31 July 2011.

AOU 36th supplement, 1987. Red-eyed Vireo was split, with Yellow-green Vireo, Vireo flavoviridus recognized as a full species.

AOU 37th supplement, 1989. Collared Dove changed to Eurasian Collared-Dove. Common Barn Owl changed to Barn Owl. Western Flycatcher was split into Pacific-slope Flycatcher, Empidonax difficilis and Cordilleran Flycatcher, Empidonax occidentalis. (Pacific-slope Flycatcher is found in our area and resides in and to the west of the Sierra Nevada and Cascade mountains, while the Cordilleran species is found to the east). Eye-browed Thrush spelling changed to  Eyebrowed Thrush. Water Pipit changed to American Pipit, Anthus rubescens. Brown Towhee was split into California Towhee, Pipilo crissalis and Canyon Towhee, Pipilo fuscus.

AOU 38th supplement, 1991. no changes relevant to Kern County.

AOU 39th supplement, 1994. Green-backed Heron changed to Green Heron, Butorides virescens. Lesser Golden-Plover split into American Golden-Plover, Pluvialis dominica (spelling change in 40th, revised in 41st) and Pacific Golden-Plover, Pluvialis fulva. Herring Gull was split into Herring Gull, Larus argentatus and Yellow-legged Gull, Larus cachinnans. Black-shouldered Kite reverts to White-tailed Kite, Elanus leucurus. Rosy Finch reverts to three separate species. Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch, Leucosticte tephrocotis, Black Rosy-Finch, Leucosticte atrata, and Brown-capped Rosy-Finch, Leucosticte australis.

AOU 40th supplement, 1995. Great Egret changed to Ardea alba. Northern Flicker was split into Northern Flicker, Colaptes auratus and Gilded Flicker, Colaptes chrysoides. Scrub Jay was split into Western Scrub-Jay, Aphelocoma californica, Florida Scrub-Jay, Aphelocoma coeruluscens, and Island Scrub-Jay, Aphelocoma insularis. Gray-cheeked Thrush split into Gray-cheeked Thrush, Catharus minimus and Bicknell's Thrush, Catharus bicknelli. Rufous-sided Towhee was (re)split into Eastern Towhee, Pipilo erythrophthalmus and Spotted Towhee, Pipilo maculatus. Sharp-tailed Sparrow was split into Saltmarsh Sharp-tailed Sparrow, Ammodramus caudacutus and Nelson's Sharp-tailed Sparrow, Ammodramus nelsoni. Northern Oriole was (re)split into Baltimore Oriole, Icterus galbula and Bullock's Oriole, Icterus bullockii.

AOU 41st supplement, 1997. Ross' Goose spelling changed to Ross's Goose. Harris' Hawk spelling changed to Harris's Hawk. Burrowing Owl changed back to Athene cunicularia. (It was changed in the 38th but reverts in the 41st). Lewis' Woodpecker spelling changed to Lewis's Woodpecker. Olive-sided Flycatcher changed to species cooperi. Cliff Swallow and Cave Swallow changed to genus Petrochelidon. Titmice changed to genus Baeolophus. Plain Titmouse was split into Juniper Titmouse, Baeolophus griseus and Oak Titmouse, Baeolophus inornatus. (Oak Titmouse occurs commonly in our area, in the Sierra Nevada mountains and west and the Juniper Titmouse occurs east of the Sierra Nevada but is exceptionally rare in Kern). Chickadees changed to the genus Poecile. Solitary Vireo was split into Blue-headed Vireo, Vireo solitarius, Plumbeous Vireo, Vireo plumbeus and Cassin's Vireo, Vireo cassini. Harris' Sparrow spelling changed to Harris's Sparrow.

AOU 42nd supplement, 2000. Oldsquaw common name changed to Long-tailed Duck. Black-billed Magpie specific epithet changed to Pica hudsonia. Juniper Titmouse specific epithet changed to Baeolophus ridgwayi (42nd).

AOU 43rd supplement, 2002. Roseate Spoonbill genus changed to Platalea ajaja. Common Snipe Split--G. galinago delicata becomes Wilson's Snipe, Gallinago delicata. G. galinago galinago becomes Common Snipe, Galinago galinago, our local species is Wilson's Snipe, where Common Snipe distributed in Eurasia. Red Phalarope specific epithet gender changed to match genus Phalaropus fulicarius. Blue Grosbeak genus changed to Passerina caerulea.

AOU 44th supplement, 2003. Anseriformes and Galliformes move above Gaviiformes due to recent DNA evidence. Columba livia common name changes to Rock Pigeon to conform with British Ornithologists’ Union (1992) usage. Band-tailed Pigeon genus changed to Patagioenas fasciataWestern Screech-Owl genus changed to Megascops kennicottii. Many changes are anticipated especially within the Passeriformes. Look to the 45th supplement to offer significant changes in order and relationships.

AOU 45th supplement, 2004. Cackling Goose has been split and is now a separate species from Canada Goose: Kern County records are for one subspecies of Canada Goose, Branta canadensis moffitti and two subspecies of Cackling Goose,  Branta hutchinsii leucopareia and B. h. minima. See Angus Wilson's explanation of Canada Goose subspecies web site at ... Spotted Sandpiper specific epithet gender changed to match genus Actitis macularius.

AOU 46th supplement, 2005. No changes relevant to Kern County.

AOU 47th supplement, 2006. Blue Grouse has been split to coastal populations Sooty Grouse - Dendragapus fuliginosus and interior populations Dusky Grouse Dendragapus obscurus. Kern and Tulare County species now named Sooty Grouse because of the yellow gular sacs and the strong deep hoot. Changed Ringed-turtle Dove - Streptopelia risoria to conform with name from native populations African Collared-Dove - Streptopelia roseogrisea (I). Changed scientific names of Least Tern - Sternula antillarum, Caspian Tern - Hydroprogne caspia, Wandering Tatter - Tringa incana and Willet - Tringa semipalmata.  Rearranged order of some Scolopacidae, and Sterninae.

AOU 48th supplement, 2007. The family Cathartidae is moved back to the Order FALCONIFORMES just before the Suborder ACCIPITRES under the heading Suborder CATHARTAE: American Vultures. This family was moved to the order Ciconiiformes (AOU 1998) but is now tentatively returned to the order Falconiformes after re-evaluation of the reasons for the earlier change. Further, some genetic studies (Cracraft et al. 2004, Fain and Houde 2004, Ericson et al. 2006) have shown that the New World vultures are not closely related to the storks, although their precise phylogenetic relationship to the Falconiformes is yet undetermined. Genus of Belted Kingfisher changes to Megaceryle alcyon from Ceryle alcyon.

AOU 49th supplement, 2008. The order of Laridae changed significantly as a result of the 2008 update to the 7th edition in addition the following generic changes Larus philadelphia changed to Chroicocephalus philadelphia (Bonaparte’s Gull), Larus minutus changed to Hydrocoloeus minutus (Little Gull) Larus atricilla changed to Leucophaeus atricilla (Laughing Gull) Larus pipixcan changed to Leucophaeus pipixcan (Franklin’s Gull).

AOU  50th supplement, 2009. These are the following changes pertinent to Kern County only. The sequence of families and subfamilies in GALLIFORMES were changed to: ODONTOPHORIDAE, PHASIANIDAE, Phasianinae, Tetraoninae, Meleagridinae: Quail are now before Chukar, Grouse, and Turkey.
The common name of Nelson's Sharp-tailed Sparrow was shortened to Nelson’s Sparrow.
The Genus Piranga (Tanagers) was moved into Cardinalidae in front of the genus Pheucticus.
The genus of all of the goldfinches in Kern changed in the 50th supplement, from Carduelis to Spinus, therefore the following four species are now: Spinus pinus (Pine Siskin), Spinus psaltria (Lesser Goldfinch), Spinus lawrencei (Lawrence’s Goldfinch), Spinus tristis (American Goldfinch).

AOU  51st supplement, 2010. These are the following changes pertinent to Kern County only. Higher-level taxonomic changes include the addition of two new orders that were split from existing orders:
Suliformes (Frigatebirds, boobies, cormorants, darters, and allies)
Accipitriformes (Hawks, kites, eagles, and allies). Two families (Ardeidae and Threskiornithidae) are transferred from the order Ciconiiformes to the order Pelecaniformes. New linear sequences are adopted for species in the genera Cyanolyca, Aimophila, and Pipilo, and the sequences of genera within the Cotingidae and portions of the Corvidae and Emberizidae are rearranged to reflect new findings on relationships. The family placement of one species (Chamaea fasciata) is changed on the basis of new information on its phylogenetic relationships. The English group names of three orders (Pelecaniformes, Ciconiiformes, and Falconiformes), one suborder (Pelecani), and three families (Ramphastidae, Sylviidae, and Cardinalidae) are modified because of changes to the composition of these groups.

* Pacific Wren Troglodytes pacificus, Formerly considered a single species – Winter Wren T. hiemalis – and now two species based on differences in songs and calls, plumage, and lack of hybridization.
Changes to species names:
* Blue-winged Warbler Vermivora cyanoptera - Formerly Vermivora pinus
* Tennessee Warbler Oreothlypis peregrina - Formerly Vermivora peregrina
* Orange-crowned Warbler Oreothlypis celata - Formerly Vermivora celata
* Nashville Warbler Oreothlypis ruficapilla - Formerly Vermivora ruficapilla
* Virginia’s Warbler Oreothlypis virginiae - Formerly Vermivora virginiae
* Lucy’s Warbler Oreothlypis luciae - Formerly Vermivora luciae
* Northern Waterthrush Parkesia noveboracensis - Formerly Seiurus noveboracensis
* Louisiana Waterthrush Parkesia motacilla - Formerly Seiurus motacilla
* California Towhee Melozone crissalis - Formerly Pipilo crissalis
* Cassin’s Sparrow Peucaea cassinii - Formerly Aimophila cassinii

* McCown’s Longspur Rhynchophanes mccownii - Formerly Calcarius mccownii

AOU  52nd supplement, 2011. These are the following changes pertinent to Kern County only. Changes in this supplement include the following: Major reorder of Warblers. Replace genus Dendroica with genus Setophaga. Change of several species names plus one common name. Found some errors in the order of species on this checklist which was brought up to date.
Changes to species names:
* Common Gallinule - Gallinula galeata, Formerly - Common Moorhen, Gallinula chloropus
Snowy Plover - Charadrius nivosus, Formerly - Charadrius alexandrinus
MacGillivray's Warbler - Geothlypis tolmiei, Formerly - Oporornis tolmiei
Mourning Warbler - Geothlypis philadelphia, Formerly - Oporornis philadelphia
Kentucky Warbler - Geothlypis formosa, Formerly - Oporornis formosus
Hooded Warbler - Setophaga citrina, Formerly - Wilsonia citrina
Cape May Warbler - Setophaga tigrina, Formerly - Dendroica tigrina
Cerulean Warbler - Setophaga cerulea, Formerly - Dendroica cerulea
Northern Parula - Setophaga americana, Formerly - Parula americana
Magnolia Warbler - Setophaga magnolia, Formerly - Dendroica magnolia
Bay-breasted Warbler - Setophaga castanea, Formerly - Dendroica castanea
Blackburnian Warbler - Setophaga fusca, Formerly - Dendroica fusca
Yellow Warbler - Setophaga petechia, Formerly - Dendroica petechia
Chestnut-sided Warbler - Setophaga pensylvanica, Formerly - Dendroica pensylvanica
Blackpoll Warbler - Setophaga striata, Formerly - Dendroica striata
Black-throated Blue Warbler - Setophaga caerulescens, Formerly - Dendroica caerulescens
Palm Warbler - Setophaga palmarum, Formerly - Dendroica palmarum
Yellow-rumped Warbler - Setophaga coronata, Formerly - Dendroica coronata
Yellow-throated Warbler - Setophaga dominica, Formerly - Dendroica dominica
Prairie Warbler - Setophaga discolor, Formerly - Dendroica discolor
Black-throated Gray Warbler - Setophaga nigrescens, Formerly - Dendroica nigrescens
Townsend's Warbler - Setophaga townsendi, Formerly - Dendroica townsendi
Hermit Warbler - Setophaga occidentalis, Formerly - Dendroica occidentalis
Black-throated Green Warbler - Setophaga virens, Formerly - Dendroica virens
Canada Warbler - Cardellina canadensis, Formerly - Wilsonia canadensis
Wilson's Warbler - Cardellina pusilla, Formerly - Wilsonia pusilla

AOU  53rd supplement, 2012. These are the following changes pertinent to Kern County only. Changes in this supplement include the following: Major reorder of Falcons and Parrots, inserting Falconiformes (caracaras and falcons) and Psittaciformes (parrots) between Piciformes (woodpeckers) and Passeriformes (songbirds). Significan shuffling of order of hummingbird and wren genera. Change of five genus names plus one common name.
Changes to species names:
Calliope Hummingbird - Selasphorus calliope, Formerly Stellula calliope
Sage Sparrow - Artemisiospiza belli, Formerly Amphispiza belli
Purple Finch - Haemorhous purpureus, Formerly Carpodacus purpureus
Cassin’s Finch - Haemorhous cassinii, Formerly Carpodacus cassinii
House Finch - Haemorhous mexicanus, Formerly Carpodacus mexicanus
Changes to common names:
Indian Peafowl - Pavo cristatus, formerly Common Peafowl

AOU  54th supplement, 2013. These are the following changes pertinent to Kern County only. Changes in this supplement include the following: Checklist reordering: Removed monotypic genuses Tryngites and Philomachus thus reordering all of the Calidris genus. Reordered family sequences: Suborder Charadrii --> Family Recurvirostridae (avocets and stilts) --> Family Charadriidae (plovers) --> Suborder Scolopaci -->Family Scolopacidae (sandpipers) --> Suborder Lari --> Family Stercorariidae (skuas and jaegers) --> Family Laridae (gulls, terns, and skimmers). Reordered mimid (thrasher) family: Gray Catbird, Brown Thrasher, Bendire’s Thrasher, California Thrasher, Le Conte’s Thrasher, Sage Thrasher, Northern Mockingbird. Reordered three Haemorhous (formerly Carpodacus) finches: House Finch, Purple Finch, Cassin's Finch. SPECIES SPLIT: Sage Sparrow now becomes Bell's Sparrow - Artemisiospiza belli which breeds in Kern and Sagebrush Sparrow - Artemisiospiza nevadensis which migrates through and possibly winters in Kern County.
Changes to generic names:
Buff-breasted Sandpiper - Calidris subruficollis, Formerly Tryngites subruficollis
Ruff - Calidris pugnax, Formerly Philomachus pugnax

Species split:
Sage Sparrow disappears to be replaced by (

Sagebrush Sparrow - Artemisiospiza nevadensis, Formerly Artemisiospiza belli nevadensis
Bell's Sparrow - Artemisiospiza belli, Formerly A. b. belli and A. b. canescens (A. b. canescens may eventually be split into its own species - it is the predominant subspecies in Kern)

AOU  55th supplement, 2014. These are the following changes pertinent to Kern County only. Changes in this supplement include the following: Arctic Warbler was split into three species but the only recorded bird in Kern is the one that retains both the common and scientific name therefore this split does not change our list: Arctic Warbler (Phylloscopus borealis)

Changes to common  names: Common Black-Hawk loses the hyphen between black and hawk becoming Common Black Hawk.
Changes to generic names: none of note for Kern County Birders.
Species split

Arctic Warbler is split into the following species

Arctic Warbler - Phylloscopus borealis - the only species that has wandered to California
Kamchatka Leaf Warbler - Phylloscopus examinandus
Japanese Leaf Warbler* - Phylloscopus xanthodryas

Checklist sequence changes: The only consequence for Kern County birders is a reshuffling of the sequence of some of the doves.
Old Order:

Spotted Dove
White-winged Dove
Mourning Dove
Inca Dove
Common Ground-Dove
Ruddy Ground-Dove
New checklist sequence
Spotted Dove

Inca Dove
Common Ground-Dove
Ruddy Ground-Dove
White-winged Dove
Mourning Dove


AOU  56th supplement, 2015. These are the following changes pertinent to Kern County only. Changes in this supplement include the following:

Changes in taxonomic order: Rough-legged Hawk - Buteo lagopus is now placed before Ferruginous Hawk - Buteo regalis

The description for the Family PSITTACULIDAE changes to: Lories, Lovebirds, and Indomalayan and Papua-Australian Parrots

The Subfamily Psittacinae is replaced by PSITTACULINAE: Indomalayan and Papua-Australian Parrots

Name changes: American Tree Sparrow genus changes from Spizella to Spizelloides arborea.


AOU 57th supplement, 2016. These are the following changes pertinent to Kern County only. Changes in this supplement include the following: Reshuffling of the list order as follows with movement of some taxa within groups but mostly just major reordering of the family groups:


QUAIL family Reshuffle
New list order for New World Quail, family Odontophoridae is as follows:
Mountain Quail
Northern Bobwhite
(introduced in Kern County, not naturalized)
California Quail
Gambel’s Quail


Podicipediformes (grebes)
Columbiformes (pigeons)
Cuculiformes (cuckoos)
Caprimulgiformes (goatsuckers and nighthawks)
Apodiformes (swifts and hummingbirds)

Gruiformes (cranes and rails)
New Genus for Sandhill Crane
The genus Antigone has been split from Grus. Scientific name for Sandhill Crane has changed from Grus canadensis to Antigone canadensis. Antigone is the name of Oedipus’s daughter/half-sister in Greek mythology.

Charadriiformes (shorebirds, gulls, terns, auks)
Shorebird Subfamily Reshuffle
Relationships among the shorebirds are also now better understood. Below is the new classification scheme, including a change in subfamilies and in sequence. Within each genus, there is no change in sequence of the species.
Numeniinae (curlews)
   Bartramia (Upland Sandpiper)
   Numenius (traditional curlews)
Limosinae (godwits)
Arenariinae (turnstones and Calidrine sandpipers)
   Arenaria (turnstones)
   Calidris (sandpipers, including peeps)
Scolopacinae (dowitchers, snipes, and woodcocks)
   Limnodromus (dowitchers)
   Gallinago (other snipe)
Tringinae (tringines)
   Actitis (Spotted and Common sandpipers)
   Tringa (“legs”, “shanks”, tattlers, Willet, and Solitary, Green, Wood, and Marsh sandpipers)
   Phalaropus (phalaropes)

Gaviiformes (loons)
Ciconiiformes (storks)
Suliformes (gannets and boobies)
Pelecaniformes (pelicans, herons, ibises)
Cathartiformes (New World vultures)
Accipitriformes (hawks)
Strigiformes (owls)

New Sequence for Vireos
White-eyed Vireo
Bell’s Vireo
Gray Vireo
Hutton’s Vireo
Yellow-throated Vireo
Cassin’s Vireo
Blue-headed Vireo
Plumbeous Vireo
Philadelphia Vireo
Warbling Vireo
Red-eyed Vireo
Yellow-green Vireo

Split of Western Scrub-Jay
California Scrub-Jay (Aphelocoma californica)
Woodhouse’s Scrub-Jay (Aphelocoma woodhouseii)
This long-anticipated split has finally happened. Reasons for the split were limited hybridization, consistent differences in voice, habitat, behavior, and morphology.
California Scrub-Jay is the more coastal species, and, predictably, it is darker in overall color. It lives in oak woodlands, which likely has led to its having a larger bill than Woodhouse’s. Woodhouse’s occurs in the Great Basin, mostly in piñon-juniper habitat. The Woodhouse's may split again but it will not affect Kern County.

A reshuffle of Old World groups of passerine families caused a move in sequence to immediately follow Ptiliogonatidae (Silky-flycatchers) and precede Calcariidae (longspurs). The following taxonomic order for species recorded in Kern County follows.
Passeridae (Old World sparrows)
Motacillidae (pipits and wagtails)
Fringillidae (true finches)

Calcariidae (longspurs)

Parulidae (Wood-Warblers)
Emberizidae (Emberizids)
Cardinalidae (Cardinals and Allies)
Icteridae (Blackbirds)

References Used:

American Ornithologists’ Union. 2016. "Fifty-seventh supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North
American Birds," The Auk 133:544-560

American Ornithologists’ Union. 2015. "Fifty-sixth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North
American Birds," The Auk 132:748-764

American Ornithologists’ Union. 2014. "Fifty-fifth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North
American Birds," The Auk 131(4)
published online: 30 July 2014

American Ornithologists’ Union. 2013. "Fifty-fourth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North
American Birds," The Auk 130(3):558-572

American Ornithologists’ Union. 2012. "Fifty-third supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North
American Birds," The Auk 129(3):573−588

American Ornithologists’ Union. 2011. "Fifty-second supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North
American Birds," Auk 128(3):600−613

Chesser, R. Terry, Richard C. Banks, F. Keith Barker, Carla Cicero, Jon L. Dunn, Andrew W. Kratter, Irby J. Lovette, Pamela C. Rasmussen, J. V. Remsen, James D. Rising, Douglas F. Stotz, Kevin Winker. 2010. Fifty-First Supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check-List of North American Birds. Auk 127:726-744.

American Ornithologist's Union, 2009, "Fiftieth Supplement to the American Ornithologist' Union Check-list of North American Birds," The Auk 126(3):705−714.

American Ornithologist's Union, 2008, "Forty-ninth Supplement to the American Ornithologist' Union Check-list of North American Birds," The Auk 125(3):758–76.

American Ornithologist's Union, 2007, "Forty-eighth Supplement to the American Ornithologist' Union Check-list of North American Birds," Auk 124(3): 1109-1115.

American Ornithologists' Union, 2006, "Forty-seventh Supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check-list of North American Birds," Auk 123(3):926–936.

American Ornithologists' Union, 2004, "Forty-fifth Supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check-list of North American Birds," Auk 121:985-995.

American Ornithologists' Union, 2003, "Forty-fourth Supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check-list of North American Birds," Auk 120:923–932.

American Ornithologists' Union, 2002, "Forty-third Supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check-list of North American Birds," Auk 119:897-906.

American Ornithologists' Union, 2000, "Forty-second Supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check-list of North American Birds," Auk 117:847-858.

American Ornithologists' Union, 1997, "Forty-first Supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check-list of North American Birds," Auk 114:542-552.

American Ornithologists' Union, 1995, "Fortieth Supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check-list of North American Birds," Auk 112:819-830.

American Ornithologists' Union, 1994, "Thirty-ninth Supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check-list of North American Birds," Auk 110:675-682.

American Ornithologists' Union, 1991, "Thirty-eighth Supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check-list of North American Birds," Auk 108:750-754.

American Ornithologists' Union, 1989, "Thirty-seventh Supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check-list of North American Birds," Auk 106:532-538.

American Ornithologists' Union, 1987, "Thirty-sixth Supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check-list of North American Birds," Auk 104:591-596.

Grinnell, J., and A. H. Miller. 1944. The Distribution of the Birds of California. Cooper Ornithological Club, reprint Artemisia Press 1986.

Heindel, M. T. 2000. Birds of East Kern County, Unpublished Manuscript.

Western Field Ornithologists. California Rare Bird Photos.

My thanks to site reviewers: Bob Barnes, Guy McCaskie, Brennan Mulrooney, Susan Steele, and John Wilson


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