Glossary of Bird Terms
Alternate - Non-breeding plumage in birds with
Anisodactyl - refers the position of the toes -
3-face forward and 1-faces back. Most common
Basic - Breeding plumage.
Coverts - The small feathers covering the bases of other, usually larger,
Crest - A tuft of elongated feathers on the crown.
Crown - The uppermost surface of the head.
Eye-ring - A fleshy or feathered ring around the eye.
Eye-stripe - A stripe running horizontally from the base of the bill
through the eye.
Flight Feathers - The long feathers of the wing and tail used for flight.
The flight feathers of the wing are composed of primaries, secondaries, and
Lore - The area between the base of the bill and eye.
Mandible - One of the two parts (upper and lower) of a bird's bill.
Mantle - The back and the upper wing surfaces.
Mask - An area of contrasting color on the front of the face and around
Morph - One of two or more distinct color types within the same species,
occurring independently of age, sex, season, and geography. AKA: phase.
Nape - The back of the head and the hindneck.
Rump - The lower back, just above the tail.
Zygodactyl - refers the position of the toes - 2-face forward and 2-face
The information contained herein was written and illustrated
by Alison Sheehey ©
2002. All rights reserved.
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